La Romana Province

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Coordinates: 18°25′48″N 68°58′12″W / 18.43°N 68.97°W / 18.43; -68.97
La Romana
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital La Romana
 - elevation 10 m (33 ft)
 - coordinates 18°25′48″N 68°58′12″W / 18.43°N 68.97°W / 18.43; -68.97
Area 653.95 km² (252 sq mi)
Population 245,433 (2010) [1]
Density 375 /km² (971 /sq mi)
Province since 1944
Subdivisions 3 municipalities
2 municipal districts
persons 1 Senator
4 Deputies
Timezone EST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-12
Location of the La Romana Province
Location of the La Romana Province

La Romana is a province of the Dominican Republic. It is in the southeastern part of the country. Its capital city has the same name, La Romana.

It was created on 1959. It was a municipality of the El Seibo province before being elevated to the category of province.

Location[change | change source]

The La Romana province is in the southeast part of the country. It is bordered to the northwest by the El Seibo province, to the northeast and east by the La Altagracia province and to the west by the San Pedro de Macorís province. The Caribbean Sea is to the south.

Origin of name[change | change source]

The province was given the name of the capital city but soon was changed to La Altagracia. In 1961, the name of the province was again La Romana, and La Altagracia was used for a new province.

History[change | change source]

The province was created in 1944 with the name of La Romana, with two municipalities: La Romana (the capital city) and Higüey; before that date, it was part of the El Seibo province. But that same year, the name of the province was changed to La Altagracia. Its original name was given back to the province in 1961 when the new La Altagracia province was created.

Municipalities[change | change source]

The La Romana province is one of the smallest province of the country, with a total area of 653.95 km².[2] It has only 1.3% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 30th (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest province.

There are three municipalities and two municipal districts in the province.[3]

The municipalities and their municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 245,433 people living in the La Romana province, and 231,312 (94.25%) living in towns and cities; it is one of the few provinces of the country where most of the people lives in cities. The population density was 375 persons/km², one of the highest in the country.[4]

Its population represents 2.6% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 10th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is La Romana, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 130,426 inhabitants.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

There are only a few low hills in the province and almost all the land is flat. The most important rivers are:

  1. Chavón, in the eastern border of the province;
  2. Dulce or La Romana, that crosses the capital city; and
  3. Cumayasa, in the western border of the province.

The small islands of Saona and Catalina are part of the province.

Economy[change | change source]

There are several important industries in the province; the oldest and one of the most important is the production of sugar. There is also a very important zona franca ("free zone" where the industries do not pay taxes and all the production is sent to other countries).

Tourism is very important in the province, around the capital city and with many people going to the beaches in the Saona and Catalina islands.

References[change | change source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  2. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  3. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2009-10-01.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.