Hato Mayor Province

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Coordinates: 18°46′12″N 69°15′36″W / 18.77°N 69.26°W / 18.77; -69.26
Hato Mayor
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Hato Mayor del Rey
 - elevation 102 m (335 ft)
 - coordinates 18°46′12″N 69°15′36″W / 18.77°N 69.26°W / 18.77; -69.26
Area 1,329.29 km² (513 sq mi)
Population 85,017 (2010) [1]
Density 64 /km² (166 /sq mi)
Province since 1984
Subdivisions 3 municipalities
4 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
2 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-30
Location of the Hato Mayor Province
Location of the Hato Mayor Province

Hato Mayor is a Dominican province; it is on the eastern part of the country. Its name comes from the name of its capital city, Hato Mayor del Rey (in English: the largest cattle farm of the King).

It is one of the last provinces created in the Dominican Republic; it was made a province on 3 December 1984. The province's territory was part of the El Seibo province.

Location[change | change source]

Hato Mayor is bordered to the northwest by the province of Samaná, to the west by Monte Plata and to the south by the San Pedro de Macorís province. The Samaná Bay is to the north of the province.

History[change | change source]

Some native groups lived close to the coast, in caves in Los Haitises region.[2] There were other groups, mainly Taínos, living inland but, in general, the population was low.

When the Spanish people came to this region, they found that there were many savannas with good grasses for food for cattle (cows), horses and sheep). And they made nine hatos. "Hato" is a word from southern Spain that means a large farm for raising cattle (a ranch); it is a common word in the Dominican Republic. One of those "hatos" was Hato Mayor del Rey, made in the name of King Charles I of Spain (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) but given as a Mayorazgo (a family property) to Francisco Dávila as the manager and the property was called sometimes "Hato Mayor de Dávila".

Because there were many French people and from other countries trying to live in the Samaná region, the colonial government founded the city of Sabana de la Mar in 1760 and brought people from the Canary Islands to live here.

The area of Hato Mayor was part of the El Seibo province until the new province began in 1984.

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 85,017 people living in the Hato Mayor province, and 63,012 (74.12%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 64 persons/km².[3]

Its population represents 0.9% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 26th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is Hato Mayor del Rey, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 44,900 inhabitants.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Hato Mayor has a total area of 1,329.29 km².[4] It has 2.7% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 15th (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.

The territory of the province covers across four geographical regions.[5] From north to south, these regions are:

  1. Llanos Costeros de Sabana de la Mar y de Miches (English: Coastal Plains of Sabana de la Mar and Miches). These are small plains close to the Samaná Bay coast. The municipalities of Sabana de la Mar and El Valle are in this region.
  2. Cordillera Oriental (English: Eastern mountain range), a short mountain range with low mountains. Another name for these mountains is Sierra del Seibo (English: El Seibo mountain range). On the southern side of this range, there is a region of low hills where is Hato Mayor del Rey, the capital of the province.
  3. Llano Costero del Caribe (in English, "Caribbean Coastal Plain"), a large plain in southeastern Dominican Republic. Most of the province is in this region.
  4. Los Haitises, in the northwest. It is part of a national park. It is a region with many low hills of limestone; the trade winds (winds from the northeast) bring a lot of water that falls in this region.

Rivers with their sources on the northern side of the Cordillera Oriental are short and flow into the Samaná Bay. The longest here is the River Yabón (44 km long) with its mouth west of the city of Sabana de la Mar.

Those rivers that flow to the south of the Cordillera Oriental and into the Caribbean Sea are longer. The most important rivers are, from east to west:

  • Maguá. It is a tributary of the Higuamo river; the city of Hato Mayor del Rey is near this river.
  • Higuamo.
  • Casuí. It is the main tributary of the Higuamo river.

There are two main roads in the province. One is the Carretera Mella ("Mella National Road") that begins in Santo Domingo and goes through Hato Mayor del Seibo, the El Seibo province and ends in Higüey; it is one of the most important road in the country.

The second road begins in Hato Mayor del Rey and ends in Sabana de la Mar.

Municipalities[change | change source]

There are 3 municipalities and 4 municipal districts (M.D.) in the province.[6] Municipal districts are similar to municipalities but they depend on a municipality.

The municipalities and its municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity of the province is farming; the main products are cacao (in the Cordillera Oriental), flowers and oil palm around El Valle, and sugar cane south of Hato Mayor.

Because there are many savannas with grasses around Hato Mayor del Rey and to the south of it, cattle raising is a very important activity in the province; the dairy industry is important, with a large amount of cheese produced in the province.

Fishing is important in Sabana de la Mar and other towns around the Samaná Bay.

References[change | change source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  2. Veloz Maggiolo, Marcio (1972) (in Spanish). Arqueología Prehistórica de Santo Domingo. Singapur: McGraw-Hill Far Eastern Publishers.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  5. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  6. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.