Monte Plata Province

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Coordinates: 18°48′36″N 69°47′24″W / 18.81°N 69.79°W / 18.81; -69.79
Monte Plata
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Monte Plata
 - elevation 56 m (184 ft)
 - coordinates 18°48′36″N 69°47′24″W / 18.81°N 69.79°W / 18.81; -69.79
Area 2,632.14 km² (1,016 sq mi)
Population 185,956 (2010) [1]
Density 71 /km² (184 /sq mi)
Province since 1982
Subdivisions 5 municipalities
6 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
4 Deputies
Timezone EST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-29
Location of the Monte Plata Province
Location of the Monte Plata Province

Monte Plata is a province of the Dominican Republic; its capital city has the same name, Monte Plata. It was split from San Cristóbal in 1982.

Location[change | change source]

The Monte Plata province is in the centre of the country. To the north, it has the Sánchez Ramírez, Duarte and Samaná provinces; to the east, the Hato Mayor and San Pedro de Macorís; to the south, the Santo Domingo province; and to the west, the San Cristóbal and Monseñor Nouel provinces.

Origin of name[change | change source]

The province was given the name of the capital city, Monte Plata. In colonial times, people from Monte Cristi and Puerto Plata came to live to this region by orders of the Spanish king and gave to the town a new name that comes from the two original towns, Monte Plata.

History[change | change source]

After the Dominican independence from Haiti in 1844, this region was part of the old Santo Domingo Province. During the Restoration War against Spain (1861 - 1865), there were several important battles in the region.

In 1932, the region was made part of the new San Cristóbal province and then it was made a province with the name of Monte Plata but soon the name was changed to Monseñor MeriñoArchbishop Fernando Arturo de Meriño, who was President of the Dominican Republic in 1880-1882.

Then, in 1944, the province was made part of the San Cristóbal province again until 1982 when the new Monte Plata province was created.

Municipalities[change | change source]

The Monte Plata province is one of the largest province of the country, with a total area of 2,632.14 km².[2] It has 5.4% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 4th (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest province.

There are five municipalities and three municipal districts in the province.

The municipalities and their municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 185,956 people living in the Monte Plata province, and 91,838 (49.39%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 71 persons/km².[3]

Its population represents 2.0% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 15th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is Monte Plata, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 26,192 inhabitants.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

The Sierra de Yamasá is found to the east and north of the province. Los Haitises is a region found in the northwestern part of the province; most of it is now a national park.

The River Ozama is the most important river in the province. Other rivers are Yabacao, Yamasá, Comate, Mijo and Guanuma.

Economy[change | change source]

The most important economic activity of the province is farming. Some important crops are sugar cane, cacao and fruits like orange.

Cattle raising is also very important.

References[change | change source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  2. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.