El Seibo Province

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 18°46′12″N 69°2′24″W / 18.77°N 69.04°W / 18.77; -69.04
El Seibo
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Santa Cruz del Seibo
 - elevation 117 m (384 ft)
 - coordinates 18°46′12″N 69°2′24″W / 18.77°N 69.04°W / 18.77; -69.04
Area 1,786.80 km² (690 sq mi)
Population 87,680 (2010) [1]
Density 49 /km² (127 /sq mi)
Province since 1844
Subdivisions 2 municipalities
5 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
2 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-08
Location of the El Seibo Province
Location of the El Seibo Province

El Seibo is a Dominican province in the eastern part of the country. Its capital city is Santa Cruz del Seibo.

It was one of the first provinces in the country; the first Dominican constitution made it in 1844 one of the five original provinces of the country. Its name has always been El Seibo, written sometimes as El Seybo.

Location[change | change source]

The El Seibo province has the La Altagracia province to the east, the San Pedro de Macorís province to the south and the Hato Mayor province to the west. To the north of the El Seibo province is the Samaná Bay, part of the Atlantic Ocean.

Origin of name[change | change source]

The province takes the name from its main city: El Seibo.

History[change | change source]

On 24 July 1844, after the Dominican independence, the government made five departments (another name for province); one of those departments was the El Seibo Department, with the municipalities of El Seibo, Hato Mayor, Higüey and Samaná. The first Dominican constitution kept that division but as provinces instead of departments.

The original province had all the eastern part of the Hispaniola, including the Samaná peninsula. But soon the province was reduced to make new provinces. The first two new provinces made with land of El Seibo province were Samaná in 1865, and San Pedro de Macorís in 1882.

In 1961, the old La Altagracia province, that later was divided in La Altagracia and La Romana provinces, was made out of the El Seibo province. The last province made with part of El Seibo was Hato Mayor in 1984.

People from this province took part in the war against Haiti during the Independence War; the leader was Pedro Santana, who had a farm near to the city of El Seibo and who became the first president of the country.

Before that, people from El Seibo fought against the French army. The most important battle was the Palo Hincado Battle won by the Dominican people on 7 November 1808, in a savanna (Palo Hincado Savanna) just to the east of Santa Cruz del Seibo. Soon the French had to leave the country, and the whole island; they had lost Haiti, too.

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 87,680 people living in the El Seibo province, and just 31,422 (35.84%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 49 persons/km².[2]

Its population represents 0.9% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 25th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is Santa Cruz del Seibo, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 46,285 inhabitants.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

El Seibo has a total area of 1,786.80 km².[3] It has 3.7% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 11th (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province of the country.

There are at least three geographic regions in the province. From north to south, they are:

  1. Coastal plains. Small plains along the Atlantic coast.
  2. Cordillera Oriental (in English: "Eastern mountain range"). A mountain range with low mountains.
  3. Llano Costero del Caribe (in English, "Caribbean Coastal Plain"), a large prairie with big important savannas.

The River Soco is the most important river of the province; it flows from the Cordillera Oriental to the Caribbean Sea.

The only main road in the province is the Carretera Mella (Mella National Road) that goes through the middle of the province; the road comes from Santo Domingo and goes through the cities of Hato Mayor and Santa Cruz del Seibo and ends in Higüey.

Municipalities[change | change source]

There are two municipalities and five municipal districts in the province.[4] The municipal districts are similar to municipalities but they depend on a municipality.

The municipalities and municipal districts (M.D.) are:

  1. Santa Cruz del Seibo, head municipality of the province
    1. Pedro Sánchez (M.D.)
    2. San Francisco-Vicentillo (M.D.)
    3. Santa Lucía (M.D.)
  2. Miches
    1. El Cedro (M.D.)
    2. La Gina (M.D.)

Economy[change | change source]

Cattle raising is the most important activity in the province. Sugar cane and cacao are the mos important crops.

References[change | change source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  3. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  4. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.