Santiago Province (Dominican Republic)
Skyline of Santiago de los Caballeros
|Development region||Cibao Norte (I)|
|Capital||Santiago de los Caballeros|
|- elevation||199 m (653 ft)|
|Area||2,806.3 km² (1,084 sq mi)|
|Population||963,422 (2010) |
|Density||343 /km² (888 /sq mi)|
16 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
Santiago is a Dominican province in the north central part of the country. Its capital city is Santiago de los Caballeros, the second largest city in the country, and the province takes its name from that city.
The province is in the eastern part of the Yaque del Norte Valley and the River Yaque del Norte runs through the province. The Yaque del Norte Valley, also named Línea Noroeste ("Northwestern Line"), is the western section of the Cibao Valley.
History[change | change source]
The province has been an important administrative territory since colonial times. Because it was an important centre, its capital city was occupied by French and Haitian armies that came from the northwest border.
It was one of the original five provinces created by the first Dominican Constitution in 1844; its territory was the northwest of the country and part of the north coast (Puerto Plata), from Monte Cristi and Dajabón to the west to Moca to the east. Moca was made part of the La Vega province in 1854.
San José de las Matas is a municipality of the province since 1844; later, other municipalities were created: Jánico in 1881, Tamboril in 1907, Bisonó in 1961, Licey al Medio in 1984, Villa González in 1991, Puñal in 2006 and Sabana Iglesia in 2007.
- 1983 : Pedro García
- 1993 : Baitoa
- 1997 : La Canela
- 1998 : Juncalito and El Rubio
- 2001 : San Francisco de Jacagua and Palmar Arriba
- 2002 : El Limón
- 2003 : Hato del Yaque, Las Placetas and La Cuesta
- 2004 : El Caimito
- 2005 : Las Palomas
- 2006 : Canca la Piedra, Guayabal and Canabacoa
Location[change | change source]
The Santiago province is bordered to the northwest by the province of Valverde, to the north by Puerto Plata, to the east by the Espaillat and La Vega provinces, to the south by San Juan and to the west by Santiago Rodríguez.
|San Juan||La Vega|
Population[change | change source]
Its population represents 10.2% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 3rd (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
Geography[change | change source]
The Santiago province has a total area of 2,806.3 km2 (1,083.5 sq mi). It has 5.8% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 3rd (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.
The province of Santiago is divided in three regions: the Cordillera Septentrional ("Northern mountain range") in the north, the Yaque del Norte Valley in the centre, and the Cordillera Central ("Central mountain range") in the south.
The Cordillera Septentrional mountain range runs across the north of the province; the highest mountain of this range, Pico Diego de Ocampo, 1,249 m (4,098 ft) high, is in this province, on the border with the Puerto Plata province. The range is covered with rainforests because it rains a lot there; the trade winds (winds that come from the northeast, from the Atlantic Ocean) bring a lot of water that falls on the mountains.
South of the Cordillera Septentrional is the Yaque del Norte Valley; from the city of Santiago de los Caballeros to the west, this is a very dry valley because the trade winds cannot go over the Cordillera Septentrional and so it does not rain enough over the valley. But people here uses the water of the Yaque del Norte river for farming.
The Cordillera Central is in the southern half of the province. The highest mountains of the country, the island and the Caribbean are here, on the border with the San Juan province: Pico Duarte, 3,098 m (10,164 ft), and others above 3,000 m (9,800 ft). This mountain range is covered with pine forests, except close to rivers where there are rainforests.
The most important river is Yaque del Norte which crosses the province from south to north, first, and then it turns to the northwest. All the other rivers in the province are tributaries of the Yaque del Norte except the Licey river that comes from the Cordillera Septentrional and flows to the east; Licey is a tributary of the Yuna river.
Climate[change | change source]
The climate of the province is a tropical climate, hot most of the year, but it is cooler in the mountains.
Municipalities[change | change source]
|Municipal Districts (code)||Population
|Santiago de los Caballeros (250101)||591,985||165.0||3,587.8||199|
|Pedro García (250102)||4,006||52.6||76.2||454|
|La Canela (250104)||17,067||93.4||182.7||175|
|San Francisco de Jacagua (250105)||36,902||82.3||448.4||217|
|Hato del Yaque (250106)||29,524||38.0||776.9||176|
|Santo Tomás de Jánico (250301)||7,672||125.7||61.0||417|
|El Caimito (250303)||5,106||99.4||51.4||370|
|Licey al Medio (250401)||13,147||14.7||894.4||199|
|Las Palomas (250402)||12,392||12.3||1,007.5||188|
|Licey al Medio (250400))||25,539||27.0||945.9|
|San José de las Matas (250501)||23,850||675.1||35.3||541|
|El Rubio (250502)||7,201||584.6||12.3||503|
|La Cuesta (250503)||3,622||111.7||32.4||433|
|Las Placetas (250504)||3,955||147.5||26.8||832|
|San José de las Matas (250500))||38,628||1,518.8||25.4|
|Canca La Piedra (250602)||11,995||25.6||468.6||270|
|Villa González (250701)||27,304||56.0||487.6||164|
|Palmar Arriba (250702)||6,365||12.5||509.2||203|
|El Limón (250703)||3,680||32.3||113.9||399|
|Villa González (250700))||37,349||100.8||370.5|
|Sabana Iglesia (250901)||13,348||58.3||229.0||252|
|Sabana Iglesia (250900))||13,348||60.8||229.0|
Economy[change | change source]
It is the second economic centre of the country, after the Greater Santo Domingo (Distrito Nacional and the Santo Domingo Province). It has a significant commerce and many industries, especially textiles, food and cement. Most of these industries are in Santiago de los Caballeros and Tamboril; the tobacco industry is also important in Villa Bisonó.
Coffee is grown in the mountains, plantain and cassava in Licey al Medio and rice, fruits and vegetables in the western part of the province. Tobacco is grown in all the lowlands of the province but the best types are grown around the cities of Bisonó and Villa González.
References[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Santiago Province|
- "División Territorial 2012" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). May 2012. p. 14. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=3321. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Tolentino Rojas, Vicente (1944) (in Spanish). Historia de la División Territorial Dominicana, 1494-1943. Ciudad Trujillo, República Dominicana: Colección Trujillo.
- Féliz, Werner D. (2004) (in Spanish and italy). División Político-Territorial Dominicana, 1944-2004. Santo Domingo: CONAU. ISBN 999349391-0.
- "División Territorial 2015" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=6159. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
- "REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: Población por año calendario, según sexo y grupos quinquenales de edad, 2015-2020" (in Spanish) (XLS). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=7709. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- "Santiago de los Caballeros". Geonames.org. http://www.geonames.org/3492914/santiago%20de%20los%20caballeros.html. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- Orvis, K.H. (2003). "The Highest Mountain in the Caribbean: Controversy and Resolution via GPS" (PDF). Caribbean Journal of Science (Mayagüez, Puerto Rico: University of Puerto Rico) 39 (3): 378-380. http://caribjsci.org/dec03/39_378-380.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-20.