Distrito Nacional

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Distrito Nacional
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic capital
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic capital
Coat of arms of Distrito Nacional
Location of the Distrito Nacional
Location of the Distrito Nacional
Country Dominican Republic
District since1932
 • TypeSubdivisions
 • Body1 municipalities
0 municipal districts
 • Congresspersons1 Senator
18 Deputies
 • Total104.44 km2 (40.32 sq mi)
 • Total1,402,749
 • Density13,000/km2 (35,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Area code1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2DM-01
Postal Code10100 to 10699

The Distrito Nacional is a subdivision of the Dominican Republic enclosing the capital Santo Domingo, so it is not in any of the provinces. It is a municipality but, in some aspects, it is like a province; for example, it elects one senator to the congress.

Before 16 October 2001, the Distrito Nacional was much larger, including what is now the Santo Domingo Province.

Location[change | change source]

The Distrito Nacional ("National District") is in the south coast of the country. It has the Santo Domingo province to the north, east and west, and the Caribbean Sea to the south.

History[change | change source]

The Distrito Nacional was created by the Dominican constitution of 1844 as a province: the Santo Domingo province (different from the modern province of the same name). It had the municipalities of Santo Domingo, Baní, San Cristóbal, San José de Los Llanos, Monte Plata, Bayaguana and Boyá.

In 1932, its name was changed to Provincia Nacional and all municipalities that were to the north of the Isabela and Ozama rivers became part of the San Cristóbal province.

In 1934, the name was changed to Distrito Nacional and, instead of a province, it became like a municipality. The name was changed again to Distrito de Santo Domingo but the 1955 constitution changed it back to Distrito Nacional.[1]

Population[change | change source]

In 2014 (last national census), there were 1,402,749 people living in the Distrito Nacional, second only to the Santo Domingo province. The population density was 15,313.9 persons/km², the highest density in the country.[2]

Its population represents 14.85% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 2nd (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated administrative division.

As of 2016, the total estimated propulation of the province is 1,015,150 inhabitants.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

The Distrito Nacional is a single municipality, with a total area of 91.6 km2 (35.4 sq mi).[2] It has 0.2% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 32nd, the smallest administrative division of the country.

Geography[change | change source]

The two important rivers in the Distrito Nacional are Ozama and Isabela. The river Ozama is the eastern limit of the Distrito Nacional and separates it from Santo Domingo Este, head municipality of the Santo Domingo province. The river Isabela, a tributary of the Ozama, is the northern limit of the Distrito Nacional and separates it from Santo Domingo Norte.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of the province is a tropical climate, warm during the whole year.

Panorama of Distrito Nacional
Panorama of Distrito Nacional

References[change | change source]

  1. Féliz, Werner D. (2004). División Político-Territorial Dominicana 1944-2004 (in Spanish). Santo Domingo: CONAU.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Consejo Nacional de Población y Familia. "Estamaciones y Proyecciones de la Población Dominicana por Regiones, Provincias, Municipios y Distritos Municipales, 2014" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-02-02.
  3. "REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: Población por año calendario, según sexo y grupos quinquenales de edad, 2015-2020" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). Archived from the original (XLS) on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016.