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The Shawnee Prophet, Tenskwatawa (1775–1836), ca. 1820, portrait by Charles Bird King
Total population
7,584 enrolled,[1] 14,000 self-identified
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Pennsylvania,  Maryland,  South Carolina,  Virginia,  Indiana,  Illinois,  Alabama,  Missouri,  Kansas and  Oklahoma); formerly  Kentucky,  Ohio, and  West Virginia[1]
Shawnee, English
traditional religions and Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Miami, Menominee[2]

The Shawnee people are a Native American tribe that originated in Tennessee. They are part of the Northeast Woodlands.

History[change | change source]

1800s[change | change source]

On November 7, 1825, a treaty was signed to move the Shawnee people from Ohio to Kansas.[3]

Federal recognition[change | change source]

In 2000 the "Loyal" or "Cherokee" Shawnee were recognized as being different from the Cherokee Nation.[4] They are now known as the "Shawnee Tribe".

Language[change | change source]

The Shawnee language, an Algonquian language, was spoken by 200 people in 2002, including over 100 Absentee Shawnee and 12 Loyal Shawnee speakers. The language is written in the Latin script. It has a dictionary and parts of the Bible were translated into Shawnee.[5]

Famous leaders[change | change source]

A famous leader of the Shawnee tribe is Tecumseh.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission. Oklahoma Indian Nations Pocket Pictorial. Archived February 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine 2008.
  2. "Algonquian, Algic". Ethnologue. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  3. "Treaty with the Shawnee, 1825, Article 5, Page 264". Oklahoma State University. November 7, 1825. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  4. "Text of S. 3019 (106th): Shawnee Tribe Status Act of 2000 (Introduced version)". Civic Impulse. September 7, 2000. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  5. "Shawnee". Ethnologue. Retrieved 28 April 2016.