Jimaní

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Jimaní
Municipality
Jimaní is located in Dominican Republic
Jimaní
Coordinates: 18°29′24″N 71°51′0″W / 18.49°N 71.85°W / 18.49; -71.85Coordinates: 18°29′24″N 71°51′0″W / 18.49°N 71.85°W / 18.49; -71.85
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Independencia
Municipal Districts 2
Founded 1504
Municipality since
1945
Area[1]
 • Total 461.20 km2 (178.07 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 31 m (102 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 16,510
 • Density 36/km2 (90/sq mi)
 • Urban 15,255
  Including populations of its municipal districts
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 160 km (99 mi) to Azua
280 km (170 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of Jimaní is the head municipality of the Independencia province, on the southwestern part of the country. The city is near the border with Haiti, on the main road that goes from the Dominican Republic to Port-au-Prince, capital city of Haiti.

History[change | edit source]

For most of its history, Jimaní was part of Neiba but in 1938 it was made part of La Descubierta and in 1943 was elevated to the category of municipal districts (a municipal district is an administrative part of a municipality) of La Descubierta, in the Baoruco province.

With the creation of the Independencia province in 1948, Jimaní was made the head municipality of that new province.[4]

Geography[change | edit source]

Jimaní is located in the Hoya de Enriquillo valley, in the southwest of the country, close to Haiti. The municipality has a total area of 237.73 km².[1] It has two municipal districts (subdivisions of a municipality): Boca de Cachón and El Limón.[5]

It is between the two main lakes of the Hispaniola: Lake Enriquillo (Dominican Republic) and Étang Saumâtre (Haiti).

Population[change | edit source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 16,510: 8,150 men and 8,360 women. The urban population was 92.4% of the total population.In this numbers are included the population of its municipal districts: Boca de Cachón and El Limón. The population of the city of Jimaní without those municipal districts was 10,034.[3]

Economy[change | edit source]

The main economic activity is commerce with Haiti. Farming is not well developed because the region is very dry and hot. Most people that lives here work for the government or in the commerce between the two countries.

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Pouerié Cordero, M.M (1997) (in Spanish). Síntesis de ciudades, pueblos e islas del país. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Impresora Mary.
  5. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.


Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este