San Juan de la Maguana
|— Municipality —|
|San Juan de la Maguana|
|• Total||1,726.74 km2 (666.70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||415 m (1,362 ft)|
|• Density||76.5/km2 (198/sq mi)|
|Including populations of its municipal districts|
|Time zone||AST (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||AST (UTC-4)|
|Distance||85 km (53 mi) to Azua
120 km (75 mi) to Santo Domingo
The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 132,177: 69,329 men and 62,848 women. The urban population was 66.33% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of the municipal districts that are part the municipality. The population of the city of San Juan without those municipal districts was 78,313.
The valley area of San Juan was the seat of Maguana whose leader was Caonabo. Caonabo in aboriginal language means "gran señor de la tierra or Great Lord of the Earth". Caonabo was the cacique or chief of the Taíno, upon the death of his uncle and became the most important and powerful ruler in Hispaniola at the time. He led the Taíno revolt against the Spanish invaders and was captured and died in a shipwreck while being taken to Spain as a prisoner. A brother of Caonabo and other allied Taíno caciques led the revolt against the Spanish and finally lost the battle in 1495.
In 1606, those that were living in San Juan de la Maguana were ordered by the Spanish king to move to a place to the northwest of the city of Santo Domingo and the region was left without people for several years.
After the Dominican independence in 1844, there were some battles in this region between the Haitian and Dominican armies. The most important battle was the Santomé Battle on 22 December 1855 in a savanna to the west of the city where the Dominican army won the fight.
San Juan de la Maguana is in the centre of the San Juan Valley, the old Taíno Maguana, with the Cordillera Central ("Central mountain chain") to the north and east, and the Sierra de Neiba to the south. To the west there is a chain of low hills.
The River San Juan is the main river of the region and the city was founded on the left (eastern) side of this river.
- El Rosario
- Hato del Padre
- La Jagua
- Las Maguanas-Hato Nuevo
- Las Charcas de María Nova
- Pedro Corto
- Sabana Alta
- Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
- Garrido, Víctor (1972). "El Valle de la Maguana" (in Spanish). Espigas históricas. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Academia Dominicana de la Historia, Vol. XXXI. pp. pp. 329-339.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
|Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic|
|Azua • Baní • Barahona • Bonao • Comendador • Cotuí • Dajabón • El Seibo • Hato Mayor • Higüey • Jimaní • La Romana • La Vega • Mao • Moca • Monte Cristi • Monte Plata • Nagua • Neiba • Pedernales • Puerto Plata • Sabaneta • Salcedo • Samaná • San Cristóbal • San Francisco de Macorís • San José de Ocoa • San Juan de la Maguana • San Pedro de Macorís • Santiago de los Caballeros • Santo Domingo • Santo Domingo Este|