Cotuí

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Cotuí
Municipality
Cotuí is located in Dominican Republic
Cotuí
Coordinates: 19°3′36″N 70°9′0″W / 19.06°N 70.15°W / 19.06; -70.15Coordinates: 19°3′36″N 70°9′0″W / 19.06°N 70.15°W / 19.06; -70.15
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Sánchez Ramírez
Municipal Districts 4
Founded 1505
Municipality since
1844
Area[1]
 • Total 619.88 km2 (239.34 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 83 m (272 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 76,554
 • Density 124/km2 (320/sq mi)
 • Urban 49,530
  Including populations of its municipal districts
Demonym Cotuisano (female, cotuisana)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance: 55 km (34 mi) to La Vega
105 km (65 mi) to Santo Domingo

Cotuí is a Dominican city and the head municipality of the Sánchez Ramírez province, in the center of the country.

Cotuí is the Taíno name of the region where the old city was founded.[4] The present city is in the Cibao Valley, at about 105 km to the north of Santo Domingo, the capital of the Dominican Republic.

Population[change | edit source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 76,554: 39,403 men and 37,151 women. The urban population was 64.70% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of the municipal districts that are part the municipality. The population of Cotuí without its municipal districts was 64,133.[3]

Geography[change | edit source]

Cotuí is located north of the Sierra de Yamasá mountain range, in the Cibao Valley. The city is near the River Yuna, one of the most important river of the Hispaniola island.

The municipality has a total area of 619.88 km².[1] There are four municipal districts (administrative subdivisions of a municipality) in Cotuí;[5] these are:

  1. Caballero
  2. Comedero Arriba
  3. Platanal
  4. Quita Sueño

History[change | edit source]

The town was founded in 1505 by Rodrigo Mejía de Trujillo, a Spanish conquistador;[6] the Spanish governor of the Hispaniola island at that time was Nicolás de Ovando. It was built near a gold mine in a region called Cotoi (also written Cotoy) by the Taíno people.

The old town was near the present town of Maimón and there were important improvements in the town during those first years and its named was changed to La Mejorada Villa de Cotuí (in English: "The Improved City of Cotuí") but most people called it Los Mineros (in English: "The Miners"). In 1562 there was a strong earthquake that destroyed the town and other cities in the island. Cotuí was moved to its present place in 1569, close to the river Yuna.

It was made a municipality in 1822 by the Haitian government and it was one of the first municipalities of the country after the Dominican Independence in 1844. In 1952, Cotuí was made the head municipality of the new province of Sánchez Ramírez.

Economy[change | edit source]

Farming is very important around the city; some important products are rice, cacao, orange and pineapple. Cattle raising is also an important activity in the municipality.

Mining is also important here; gold and silver are mined close to the old, colonial mines.

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Las Casas, Fray Bartolomé de (1966) (in Spanish). Apologética Histórica Sumaria. Tomo I. México: UNAM.
  5. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  6. Pouerié Cordero, M.M. (1997) (in Spanish). Síntesis de ciudades, pueblos e islas del país. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Impresora Mary.


Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este