Comendador, Elías Piña

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Comendador
Municipality
Comendador, Elías Piña is located in Dominican Republic
Comendador
Coordinates: 18°52′38″N 71°42′11″W / 18.87722°N 71.70306°W / 18.87722; -71.70306Coordinates: 18°52′38″N 71°42′11″W / 18.87722°N 71.70306°W / 18.87722; -71.70306
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Elías Piña
Municipal Districts 2
Founded 1868
Municipality since
1908
Area[1]
 • Total 252.93 km2 (97.66 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 395 m (1,296 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 25,924
 • Density 101/km2 (260/sq mi)
 • Urban 14,408
  Including population of Guayabo and Sabana Larga.
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance: 55 km (34 mi) to San Juan
255 km (158 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of Comendador is the head municipality of the Elías Piña province, on the border with Haiti.

Population[change | edit source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 25,924: 13,068 men and 12,856 women. The urban population was 55.58% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of the municipal districts Guayabo and Sabana Larga. The population of Comendador without its municipal districts was 19,344.[3]

History[change | edit source]

The city was founded in 1868,[4] and named after Nicolás de Ovando, the "Comendador of Lares" (Comendador was the chief of a military or religious order). It was founded where there was a military post close to the border with Haiti. The Taíno name of the region was Duan.[4]

There was several fights between Haitian and Dominican soldiers during the Dominican-Haitian War after 1844. The most important fight was the La Estrelleta Battle in a savanna near Comendador.

The old military post was made a Cantón (now called Municipal District) of the Azua province in 1907. The next year, in 1908, it was elevated to the category of Municipality of the same province.

Its name was changed to Villa Elías Piña on 29 November 1930. In 1972, its name was changed back to Comendador.

Geography[change | edit source]

Comendador is at 255 km to the west of Santo Domingo and 55 km of San Juan de la Maguana. The average temperature in the city is 26.7°C and the average rainfall is 1,828.1 mm.[2]

The limits of the municipality are the municipality of Bánica to the north, the San Juan province to the east, the municipality of El Llano to the south and Haiti to the west.

Comendador has two municipal districts;[5] these are: Guayabo and Sabana Larga.

Economy[change | edit source]

The main economic activity of the municipality is agriculture. Commerce with Haiti is also an important economic activity in the city.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. 2.0 2.1 De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Caamaño Castillo, Rafael E. (1996) (in Spanish). Comendador: Apuntes para su Historia. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Editora Corripio.
  5. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.


Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este