|— Municipality —|
|• Total||275.33 km2 (106.31 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||133/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|Including population of its municipal district|
|Time zone||AST (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||AST (UTC-4)|
|Distance||110 km (68 mi) to Azua
230 km (140 mi) to Santo Domingo
Neiba is in the Hoya de Enriquillo or Neiba Valley, near the eastern end of the Lake Enriquillo. The Sierra de Neiba mountain range is just to the north of the city, and covers the northern half of the municipality.
The southwestern part of the municipality, close to the lake Enriquillo, is below sea level.
There are few small rivers, like Las Marías, Panzo, Don Juan and El Manguito.
The municipality had, in 2002, a total population of 36,511: 19,023 men and 17,488 women. The urban population was 66.93% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of El Palmar municipal district, that is part of the municipality.The population of the city of Neiba without the municipal district was 27,105.
The city of Neiba was founded in 1735; before that date, there were some people living here, raising cattle.
After the Dominican independence from Haiti, in 1844, Neiba became a municipality of the old Azua province. Several battles were fought near Neiba during the Dominican-Haitian War, including the first fight of that war: La Fuente del Rodeo.
When the Baoruco province was created in 1943, Neiba became the head municipality of the province.
Farming is the only economic activity in the municipality, except for some very small industries; some important products are grapes, plantain, sugar cane (mostly in the El Palmar municipal district) and coffee (on the Sierra de Neiba).
- Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- Pérez, Carlos Julio (2000) (in Spanish). Imágenes de mi región. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Impresora Conadex.
|Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic|
|Azua • Baní • Barahona • Bonao • Comendador • Cotuí • Dajabón • El Seibo • Hato Mayor • Higüey • Jimaní • La Romana • La Vega • Mao • Moca • Monte Cristi • Monte Plata • Nagua • Neiba • Pedernales • Puerto Plata • Sabaneta • Salcedo • Samaná • San Cristóbal • San Francisco de Macorís • San José de Ocoa • San Juan de la Maguana • San Pedro de Macorís • Santiago de los Caballeros • Santo Domingo • Santo Domingo Este|