Neiba

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Neiba
Municipality
Neiba is located in Dominican Republic
Neiba
Coordinates: 18°29′24″N 71°25′12″W / 18.49°N 71.42°W / 18.49; -71.42Coordinates: 18°29′24″N 71°25′12″W / 18.49°N 71.42°W / 18.49; -71.42
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Baoruco
Municipal Districts
1
Founded 1735
Municipality since 1844
Area[1]
 • Total 275.33 km2 (106.31 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 36,511
 • Density 133/km2 (340/sq mi)
 • Urban 24,438
  Including population of its municipal district
Demonym Neibero
(female, neibera)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 110 km (68 mi) to Azua
230 km (140 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of Neiba, also written as Neyba, is the head municipality of the Baoruco province, on the southwestern part of the country.

Neiba, or Naiva, was the Taíno name of the Yaque del Sur River.

Geography[change | change source]

Neiba is in the Hoya de Enriquillo or Neiba Valley, near the eastern end of the Lake Enriquillo. The Sierra de Neiba mountain range is just to the north of the city, and covers the northern half of the municipality.

The southwestern part of the municipality, close to the lake Enriquillo, is below sea level.

The climate of the municipality is a tropical climate, very hot and dry in the valley, but it is cooler on the mountains of the Sierra de Neiba, where there are some rainforests.

Neiba is at 230 km to the west of Santo Domingo. The average temperature in the city is 27.9°C and the average rainfall is 655.5 mm but it rains in only 45.4 days.[2]

Neiba has the municipality of Galván to the east, the Independencia province to the south, the municipality of Villa Jaragua to the west and the San Juan province to the north.

There are few small rivers, like Las Marías, Panzo, Don Juan and El Manguito.

Neiba has a total area of 275.33 km².[1] It has only one municipal district (a subdivision of a municipality): El Palmar.[4]

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2002, a total population of 36,511: 19,023 men and 17,488 women. The urban population was 66.93% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of El Palmar municipal district, that is part of the municipality.The population of the city of Neiba without the municipal district was 27,105.[3]

History[change | change source]

The city of Neiba was founded in 1735; before that date, there were some people living here, raising cattle.

After the Dominican independence from Haiti, in 1844, Neiba became a municipality of the old Azua province. Several battles were fought near Neiba during the Dominican-Haitian War, including the first fight of that war: La Fuente del Rodeo.[5]

In 1881, with the creation of the old Barahona province, Neiba was made part of these new province.

When the Baoruco province was created in 1943, Neiba became the head municipality of the province.

Economy[change | change source]

Farming is the only economic activity in the municipality, except for some very small industries; some important products are grapes, plantain, sugar cane (mostly in the El Palmar municipal district) and coffee (on the Sierra de Neiba).

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. 2.0 2.1 De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
  5. Pérez, Carlos Julio (2000) (in Spanish). Imágenes de mi región. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Impresora Conadex.


Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este