San Francisco de Macorís
|San Francisco de Macorís|
|• Total||763.77 km2 (294.89 sq mi)|
|Elevation||110 m (360 ft)|
|• Density||246/km2 (640/sq mi)|
|Including populations of its municipal districts|
|Demonym||Francomacorisano (female, francomacorisana)|
|Time zone||AST (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||AST (UTC-4)|
|Distance||40 km (25 mi) to Vega
135 km (84 mi) to Santo Domingo
It is located on the eastern part of the Cibao Valley; it is the largest city of the Dominican northeast and it is the centre of the region.
Geography[change | change source]
The municipality has a total area of 763.77 km². It has four municipal districts (a municipal district is a subdivision of a municipality). These are Cenoví, Jaya, La Peña and Presidente Don Antonio Guzmán Fernández.
San Francisco de Macorís is at 135 km to the northwest of Santo Domingo, in the Cibao Oriental (in English, "Eastern Cibao"), the eastern part of the Cibao Valley. Most of the municipality is in the valley but the northern part of it is on the Cordillera Septentrional (in English, "Northern mountain range"); the mountains here are not very high.
The municipality has the María Trinidad Sánchez province to the north and east, the municipality of Las Guáranas to the south, the La Vega province to the southwest, the Hermanas Mirabal province to the west and the Espaillat province to the northwest.
Rivers here are short with their sources in the Cordillera Septentrional; they are tributaries of the River Camú, a tributary of the River Yuna that flows to the Samaná Bay. The most important river in the municipality is the River Jaya, that flows to the west of the city; San Francisco de Macorís is also known as "The City of the Jaya" because of this small river.
Population[change | change source]
The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 188,118: 94,141 men and 93,977 women. The urban population was 74.34% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of its municipal districts. The population of San Francisco de Macoríswithout its municipal districts was 149,508.
History[change | change source]
When the country was a Spanish colony, the region where the city is now was known as the Partido de Macorís ("partido" was an old Spanish subdivision like a municipality). It had the name of "Macorís" because on the mountains to the north of the area lived native people named Macorís or Macorix, different from the Taínos.
Those people that were living here founded, on 20 September 1778, the town in a place called El Rincón de San Francisco and, for that reason, they gave to the new town the name that it has now: San Francisco de Macorís, that in English would be "St. Francis of Macoris".
San Francisco de Macorís was part of La Vega province until 1885 when it became a municipality of the Espaillat province. With the creation of the Duarte province, San Francisco de Macorís became its head municipality, like the capital city, of the new province.
Economy[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- Vega, Bernardo (1989). Los Cacicazgos de la Hispaniola. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Museo del Hombre Dominicano. pp. 49-64.
|Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic|
|Azua • Baní • Barahona • Bonao • Comendador • Cotuí • Dajabón • El Seibo • Hato Mayor • Higüey • Jimaní • La Romana • La Vega • Mao • Moca • Monte Cristi • Monte Plata • Nagua • Neiba • Pedernales • Puerto Plata • Sabaneta • Salcedo • Samaná • San Cristóbal • San Francisco de Macorís • San José de Ocoa • San Juan de la Maguana • San Pedro de Macorís • Santiago de los Caballeros • Santo Domingo • Santo Domingo Este|