|Capital||San Francisco de Macorís|
|- elevation||110 m (361 ft)|
|Area||1,605.35 km² (620 sq mi)|
|Population||289,574 (2010) |
|Density||180.4 /km² (467 /sq mi)|
11 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
It was created in 1896 as a district (an old country subdivision) with the name Distrito Pacificador but the Constitution of 1907 changed all districts to provinces. In 1925 its name was changed to Duarte.
The province is bordered on the east by the María Trinidad Sánchez and Samaná provinces, on the south by the Monte Plata and Sánchez Ramírez provinces, on the west by the La Vega and Hermanas Mirabal provinces and on the north by the Espaillat and María Trinidad Sánchez provinces.
The area that currently forms the Duarte province was originally part of La Vega province until 1885 when it was made part of the Espaillat province.
In 1896, this part of the country was made a province, including some coastal towns that are now part of the María Trinidad Sánchez province. With the creation of this last province in 1959, the Duarte province lost all coastal areas and became a province surrounded by other provinces by all sides.
In 2010 (last national census), there were 289,574 people living in the Duarte province: 147,424 men and 142,150 women. There were 191,878 (66.26%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 180 persons/km².
Its population represents 3.1% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 8th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
There are two geographical regions in the province: the northern half with the Cordillera Septentrional (in English, "Northern mountain range"); and the southern half, on the Cibao Oriental ("Eastern Cibao"), the eastern part of Cibao Valley.
The second road is shorter than the first and is a branch of the Carretera Duarte (Duarte National Road) that ends in San Francisco de Macorís.
Most rivers in the province are short and have their sources in the Cordillera Septentrional. Most of them flow to the south and are tributaries of the Camú or Yuna rivers; Camú is the main tributary of Yuna and these two rivers mark the southern limit of the province and go from west to east.
The climate of the province is a tropical climate but modified by elevation and the Trade winds (winds that come from from the Atlantic Ocean, fill with water), which blow from the Atlantic all year long. Rains are common in this province, mainly in the northern mountains where there are rainforests.
The municipalities and municipal districts (M.D.) are:
- San Francisco de Macorís, municipio cabecera de la provincia
- Eugenio María de Hostos
- Sabana Grande (M.D.)
- Las Guáranas
- Villa Riva
The main economic activity of the province is agriculture; the main products are coffee in the mountains, rice in the southern and eastern part of the province and cacao in the low mountains and those parts of the valley close to the mountains.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
- Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadística
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.