El Seibo Province
|Capital||Santa Cruz del Seibo|
|- elevation||117 m (384 ft)|
|Area||1,786.80 km² (690 sq mi)|
|Density||49.1 /km² (127 /sq mi)|
5 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
It was one of the first provinces in the country; the first Dominican constitution made it in 1844 one of the five original provinces of the country. Its name has always been El Seibo, written sometimes as El Seybo.
The El Seibo province has the La Altagracia province to the east, the San Pedro de Macorís province to the south and the Hato Mayor province to the west. To the north of the El Seibo province is the Samaná Bay, part of the Atlantic Ocean.
Origin of name [change]
The province takes the name from its main city: El Seibo.
On 24 July 1844, after the Dominican independence, the government made five departments (another name for province); one of those departments was the El Seibo Department, with the municipalities of El Seibo, Hato Mayor, Higüey and Samaná. The first Dominican constitution kept that division but as provinces instead of departments.
The original province had all the eastern part of the Hispaniola, including the Samaná peninsula. But soon the province was reduced to make new provinces. The first two new provinces made with land of El Seibo province were Samaná in 1865, and San Pedro de Macorís in 1882.
In 1961, the old La Altagracia province, that later was divided in La Altagracia and La Romana provinces, was made out of the El Seibo province. The last province made with part of El Seibo was Hato Mayor in 1984.
People from this province took part in the war against Haiti during the Independence War; the leader was Pedro Santana, who had a farm near to the city of El Seibo and who became the first president of the country.
Before that, people from El Seibo fought against the French army. The most important battle was the Palo Hincado Battle won by the Dominican people on 7 November 1808, in a savanna (Palo Hincado Savanna) just to the east of Santa Cruz del Seibo. Soon the French had to leave the country, and the whole island; they had lost Haiti, too.
Its population represents 0.9% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 25th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
There are at least three geographic regions in the province. From north to south, they are:
- Coastal plains. Small plains along the Atlantic coast.
- Cordillera Oriental (in English: "Eastern mountain range"). A mountain range with low mountains.
- Llano Costero del Caribe (in English, "Caribbean Coastal Plain"), a large prairie with big important savannas.
The River Soco is the most important river of the province; it flows from the Cordillera Oriental to the Caribbean Sea.
The only main road in the province is the Carretera Mella (Mella National Road) that goes through the middle of the province; the road comes from Santo Domingo and goes through the cities of Hato Mayor and Santa Cruz del Seibo and ends in Higüey.
The municipalities and municipal districts (M.D.) are:
- Santa Cruz del Seibo, head municipality of the province
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
- Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.