Distrito Nacional

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Coordinates: 18°30′0″N 69°59′0″W / 18.5°N 69.983333°W / 18.5; -69.983333
Distrito Nacional
Province
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Santo Domingo
 - elevation 14 m (46 ft)
 - coordinates 18°30′0″N 69°59′0″W / 18.5°N 69.983333°W / 18.5; -69.983333
Area 104.44 km² (40 sq mi)
Population 965,040 (2010) [1]
Density 9,240 /km² (23,931 /sq mi)
District since 1932
Subdivisions 1 municipalities
0 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
18 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-01
Location of the Distrito Nacional
Location of the Distrito Nacional
Website: http://www.adn.gov.do

The Distrito Nacional is a subdivision of the Dominican Republic enclosing the capital Santo Domingo, so it is not in any of the provinces. It is a municipality but, in some aspects, it is like a province; for example, it elects one senator to the congress.

Before October 16, 2001, the Distrito Nacional was much larger, including what is now known as Santo Domingo Province.

Location[change | edit source]

The Distrito Nacional (in English, "National District") is in the south coast of the country. It has the Santo Domingo province to the north, east and west, and the Caribbean Sea to the south.

History[change | edit source]

The Distrito Nacional was created by the Dominican constitution of 1844 as a province: the Santo Domingo province (different from the modern province of the same name. It had the municipalities of Santo Domingo, Baní, San Cristóbal, San José de Los Llanos, Monte Plata, Bayaguana and Boyá.

In 1932, its name was changed to Provincia Nacional and all municipalities that were to the north of the Isabela and Ozama rivers became part of the San Cristóbal province.

In 1934, the name was changed to Distrito Nacional and, instead of a province, it became like a municipality. The name was changed again to Distrito de Santo Domingo but the 1955 constitution changed it back to Distrito Nacional.[2]

Municipalities[change | edit source]

The Distrito Nacional is a single municipality, with a total area of 104.44 km².[3] It has 0.2% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 32nd (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest administrative division.

Population[change | edit source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 965,040 people living in the Distrito Nacional, second only to the Santo Domingo province. The population density was 9,240.1 persons/km², the highest density in the country.[4]

Its population represents 10.2% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the second (out of 31 plus the National District) province.

Geography[change | edit source]

The two important rivers in the Distrito Nacional are Ozama and Isabela. The river Ozama is the eastern limit of the Distrito Nacional and separates it from Santo Domingo Este, head municipality of the Santo Domingo province. The river Isabela, a tributary of the Ozama, is the northern limit of the Distrito Nacional and separates it from Santo Domingo Norte

References[change | edit source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  2. Féliz, Werner D. (2004) (in Spanish). División Político-Territorial Dominicana 1944-2004. Santo Domingo: CONAU.
  3. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  4. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.