|- elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|Area||104.44 km² (40 sq mi)|
|Density||9,240.1 /km² (23,932 /sq mi)|
0 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
The Distrito Nacional is a subdivision of the Dominican Republic enclosing the capital Santo Domingo, so it is not in any of the provinces. It is a municipality but, in some aspects, it is like a province; for example, it elects one senator to the congress.
The Distrito Nacional was created by the Dominican constitution of 1844 as a province: the Santo Domingo province (different from the modern province of the same name. It had the municipalities of Santo Domingo, Baní, San Cristóbal, San José de Los Llanos, Monte Plata, Bayaguana and Boyá.
In 1934, the name was changed to Distrito Nacional and, instead of a province, it became like a municipality. The name was changed again to Distrito de Santo Domingo but the 1955 constitution changed it back to Distrito Nacional.
The Distrito Nacional is a single municipality, with a total area of 104.44 km². It has 0.2% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 32nd (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest administrative division.
In 2010 (last national census), there were 965,040 people living in the Distrito Nacional, second only to the Santo Domingo province. The population density was 9,240.1 persons/km², the highest density in the country.
Its population represents 10.2% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the second (out of 31 plus the National District) province.
The two important rivers in the Distrito Nacional are Ozama and Isabela. The river Ozama is the eastern limit of the Distrito Nacional and separates it from Santo Domingo Este, head municipality of the Santo Domingo province. The river Isabela, a tributary of the Ozama, is the northern limit of the Distrito Nacional and separates it from Santo Domingo Norte
- Féliz, Werner D. (2004) (in Spanish). División Político-Territorial Dominicana 1944-2004. Santo Domingo: CONAU.
- Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.