Baoruco Province

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 18°29′24″N 71°25′12″W / 18.49°N 71.42°W / 18.49; -71.42
Baoruco
Province
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Neiba
 - elevation 30 m (98 ft)
 - coordinates 18°29′24″N 71°25′12″W / 18.49°N 71.42°W / 18.49; -71.42
Area 1,282.23 km² (495 sq mi)
Population 97,313 (2010) [1]
Density 76 /km² (197 /sq mi)
Province since 1943
Subdivisions 5 municipalities
9 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
2 Deputies
Timezone EST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-03
Location of the Baoruco Province
Location of the Baoruco Province

Baoruco, also written Bahoruco (but the "h" is not pronounced), is a Dominican province, in the western part of the country, in the Hoya de Enriquillo valley. Its capital city is Neiba (or Neyba).

It was created on 1943. It was part of the Barahona province before being elevated to the category of province. It was called Baoruco because the northern side of the Sierra de Bahoruco was part of the province; with the creation of the Independencia Province, that part went to the new province but the name was not changed.

Location[change | edit source]

Baoruco is bordered to the north by the San Juan province, to the east by the Azua and Barahona provinces, and to the south and west by the Independencia province.

Population[change | edit source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 97,313 people living in the Baoruco province, and 69,360 (71.3%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 75.9 persons/km².[2]

Its population represents 1.0% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 23th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is Neiba, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 27,105 inhabitants.[2]

Geography[change | edit source]

Baoruco has a total area of 1,282.23 km².[3] It has 2.6% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 17th (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.

The Baoruco province is in the Hoya de Enriquillo valley, a very dry valley with some parts below sea level; its capital, Neiba, has an elevation of only 10 m above sea level. In this valley is the Lake Enriquillo, and the northeastern part of the lake, about of third of its surface, belongs to the Baoruco province, including its small islands of Barbarita and Islita.

The Sierra de Neiba runs across the northern part of the province, on the border with the San Juan province.

The most important river in the province is the Yaque del Sur River, one of the longest in the country; it forms the eastern limit of the province and its water is used for irrigation. Other rivers are Las Marías and Panzo.

The climate of the province is a tropical climate, very hot and dry in the valley, but it is cooler on the mountains. In the valley, cacti and other plants of dry regions are common. There are some rainforests in the mountains.

The only important road in the province goes through the southern part of the province, along the valley, and most important towns of the province are on this road.

Municipalities[change | edit source]

There are five municipalities and nine municipal districts (M.D.) in the province.[4] These are:

Economy[change | edit source]

The main economic activity of the province is agriculture and the main products are plantain in Tamayo, grape in Neiba and Los Ríos. On the Sierra de Neiba, coffee and beans are important products.

References[change | edit source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  3. Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadística
  4. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.