Santiago de los Caballeros

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Santiago
Municipality
Santiago de los Caballeros
View of Santiago from the Monument
Santiago de los Caballeros is located in Dominican Republic
Santiago
Coordinates: 19°28′48″N 70°41′24″W / 19.48°N 70.69°W / 19.48; -70.69Coordinates: 19°28′48″N 70°41′24″W / 19.48°N 70.69°W / 19.48; -70.69
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Santiago
Municipal Districts 5
Founded 1495
Municipality since 1844
Area[1]
 • Total 524.03 km2 (202.33 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 175 m (574 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 691,262
 • Density 1,319/km2 (3,420/sq mi)
 • Urban 594,539
  Including populations of its municipal districts
Demonym Santiaguense
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 36 km (22 mi) to Vega
155 km (96 mi) to Santo Domingo

Santiago de los Caballeros, or Santiago for short, is a Dominican city and the head municipality of the Santiago, in the north central region of the country. By its population and economic activity, it is the second most important city in the country, after Santo Domingo.

The people from this city are called (demonym) in different ways; santiaguero for males and santiaguera for females. Sometimes santiagués is used for both sexes. Santiaguense (for both sexes) is used to differentiate them from people of other cities with the same name in Spain, Cuba, Chile, and Argentina).

Geography[change | edit source]

The municipality has the municipalities of Tamboril and Licey al Medio to the east, the La Vega province to the southeast, the municipality of Jánico to the south, the municipality of San José de las Matas to the southwest, the Valverde province to the west, the municipalities of Villa Bisonó and Villa González to the northwest and the province of Puerto Plata to the north.

It has an area of 524.03 km².[1] There are five municipal districts in the municipality (municipal districts in the Dominican Republic are similar to municipalities but they depend on a municipality).[4] Those municipal districts are:

  1. Baitoa
  2. Hato del Yaque
  3. La Canela
  4. Pedro García
  5. San Francisco de Jacagua

Mountains[change | edit source]

The Cordillera Septentrional (in English, "Northern mountain range") runs along the northern half of the municipality. The city of Santiago de los Caballeros is on the southern side of those mountains, and even some parts of the city are on the mountains.

Monument to the Restoration War Heroes

There are several small hills in the city; the highest is the Cerro del Castillo (in English, "Castle Hill") in the eastern part of the city; on this hill there is a monument: the "Monumento a los Héroes de la Restauración" (in English, "Monument to the Restoration War Heroes"), commonly named only as the "Monumento".

Rivers[change | edit source]

The river Yaque del Norte, the longest of the Dominican Republic,[2] flows along the old southern side of the city. Now, the city is on both sides of the river but most people still lives on the northern (right) side of it. Other rivers are Nibaje and Gurabito but they are very small and tributaries of the Yaque del Norte.

Climate[change | edit source]

The city of Santiago de los Caballeros is located in the northeastern part of the Yaque del Norte Valley, a very dry and hot region. And so, the climate of the city is a dry tropical climate, hot most of the year (mean temperature of 26.2 °C).[2] The northern part of the municipality, and part of the city, is on the Cordillera Central mountain range and the climate is cooler and it rains more than in the city itself.

Population[change | edit source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 691,262: 339,802 men and 351,460 women. The urban population was 86.01% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of the municipal districts that are part the municipality. The population of the city of Santiago without those municipal districts was 591,985.[3]

History[change | edit source]

Christopher Columbus built a small fort in the summer of 1495, on the northern side of the river Yaque del Norte in a place named "La Emboscada". This is several kilometres to the west of the present city. Columbus named the fort after Santiago Apóstol, in English "Saint James"[5]

In 1504, Nicolás de Ovando, governor of the Hispaniola, moved the town to Jacagua which is now the modern municipality of San Francisco de Jacagua. This place was near the mountains and away from the river Yaque del Norte.[5]

An earthquake destroyed the city of Santiago on 2 December 1562. The next year, 1563, the city was rebuilt again on the north side of the river Yaque del Norte but this time more to the east, where it is now. This new town was called Santiago de los Caballeros, in English, "Saint James of the Knights" or, better, "Knights of Saint James".[5]

Economy[change | edit source]

Even if farming is still a very important economic activity around the city, Santiago is now a modern city with many industries and companies of different kinds.

Education[change | edit source]

Santiago is home of two universities: Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra (PUCMM) and Universidad Tecnológica de Santiago (UTESA). Other universities present in Santiago are: Universidad Organización & Método (O&M), Universidad Abierta para Adultos (UAPA), Universidad Nacional Evangélica and one regional campus of the state university Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo (UASD).

Twin cities[change | edit source]

The twin cities of Santiago are:

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Santiago, Pedro Julio; Julio G. Campillo Pérez, Carlos Dobal (1997) (in Spanish). El Primer Santiago de América 1495-1995. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Academia Dominicana de la Historia. pp. 45-79.


Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este