Kandinsky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wassily Kandinsky
Birth name Wassily Kandinsky
Born 16 December 1866
Moscow
Died 13 December 1944(1944-12-13) (aged 77)
Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Nationality Russian; French
Field Painting
Training Academy of Fine Arts, Munich
Movement Expressionism; abstract art
Works On White II, Der Blaue Reiter
To the Unknown Voice, 1916

Wassily Kandinsky [1] (16 December [O.S. 4 December] 1866 – 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist.

He was one of the most important 20th-century artists. He was a major figure in modern art and painted some of the first modern abstract works.[2] His art changed several times during his life. It was fauvist, abstract, expressionist and constructivist in turn.

Life[change | change source]

Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa. He enrolled at the University of Moscow and chose to study law and economics. Quite successful in his profession—he was offered a professorship (chair of Roman Law) at the University of Dorpat—he started painting studies (life-drawing, sketching and anatomy) at the age of 30.

In 1896 he settled in Munich and studied first in a private school, then at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. He went back to Moscow in 1914 after World War I started. He was unsympathetic to the official theories on art in Moscow and returned to Germany in 1921. There he taught at the Bauhaus school of art and architecture from 1922 until the Nazis closed it in 1933. He then moved to France where he lived the rest of his life, and became a French citizen in 1939. He died at Neuilly-sur-Seine in 1944.

Influences[change | change source]

Later in life he would recall being fascinated and stimulated by colour as a child. His fascination with colour symbolism and psychology continued as he grew. In 1889, he was part of an ethnographic research group which travelled to the Vologda region north of Moscow. In Looks on the Past, he tells how the houses and churches were decorated with such shimmering colours that, on entering them, he felt he was moving into a painting. This experience, and his study of the region's folk art (particularly the use of bright colours on a dark background), can be seen in much of his early work.

He was interested in geometry in art and philosophy. The creative aspect of the form is expressed by a descending series of circles, triangles and squares.[3][4][5]

Artistic periods[change | change source]

  • 1 Youth and inspiration (1866–1896)
  • 2 Metamorphosis
  • 3 Blue Rider Period (1911–1914)
  • 4 Return to Russia (1914–1921)
  • 5 The Bauhaus (1922–1933)
  • 6 The Great Synthesis (1934–1944)

References[change | change source]

  1. Pronounce 'Vassily', but German spelling was chosen by him. (Russian: Василий Кандинский)
  2. Manierre Dawson may have been the first: Ploog, Randy J., Myra Bairstow and Ani Boyajian 2011. Manierre Dawson (1887-1969): a catalogue raisonné. The Three Graces in association with Hollis Taggart Galleries, New York.
  3. Wassily Kandinsky 1910. Concerning the spiritual in art. M.T. Sadler transl. Dover. ISBN 0-486-23411-8
  4. Wassily Kandinsky 1926. Point and line to plane. Dover, New York. ISBN 0-486-23808-3
  5. Wassily Kandinsky. Kandinsky: complete writings on art. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80570-7