Edward Calvin Kendall

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Edward Calvin Kendall
Born(1886-03-08)March 8, 1886
Died(1972-05-04)May 4, 1972 Princeton, New Jersey, USA
Alma materColumbia University
Known forisolation of thyroxine
discovery of cortisone
AwardsLasker Award (1949)
Passano Foundation (1950)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1950)
Scientific career
St. Luke's Hospital
Mayo Clinic
Princeton University

Edward Calvin Kendall (March 8, 1886, South Norwalk, Connecticut – May 4, 1972, Princeton, New Jersey) was an American chemist.

In 1950, Kendall was awarded the 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein and Mayo Clinic physician Philip S. Hench, for their work with the hormones of the adrenal gland.[1] His Nobel lecture was titled "The development of cortisone as a therapeutic agent".[2] Kendall also isolated thyroxine, a hormone of the thyroid gland,[3] and worked with the team that crystallized glutathione and identified its chemical structure.

Kendall was a biochemist at the Graduate School of the Mayo Foundation at the time of the award. He received his education at Columbia University After retiring from his job with the Mayo Foundation, Kendall joined the faculty at Princeton University, where he remained until his death in 1972.

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1950". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-07-04.
  2. "Edward C. Kendall – Nobel Lecture". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-07-04.
  3. Ingle, Dwight. "Edward C. Kendall" (PDF). National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2012-04-07.