Edward Calvin Kendall
|Edward Calvin Kendall|
March 8, 1886|
South Norwalk, Connecticut, USA
May 4, 1972Princeton, New Jersey, USA
|Alma mater||Columbia University|
|Known for||isolation of thyroxine
discovery of cortisone
|Awards||Lasker Award (1949)
Passano Foundation (1950)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1950)
St. Luke's Hospital
In 1950, Kendall was awarded the 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein and Mayo Clinic physician Philip S. Hench, for their work with the hormones of the adrenal gland. His Nobel lecture was titled "The development of cortisone as a therapeutic agent". Kendall also isolated thyroxine, a hormone of the thyroid gland, and worked with the team that crystallized glutathione and identified its chemical structure.
Kendall was a biochemist at the Graduate School of the Mayo Foundation at the time of the award. He received his education at Columbia University After retiring from his job with the Mayo Foundation, Kendall joined the faculty at Princeton University, where he remained until his death in 1972.