25 August 1900|
|Died||22 November 1981
|Fields||Internal medicine, biochemistry|
|Institutions||Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biology
University of Hamburg
University of Sheffield
University of Oxford
|Alma mater||University of Göttingen
University of Freiburg
University of Berlin
University of Hamburg
|Known for||Discovery of the urea cycle and the citric acid cycle|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1953)|
Krebs researched metabolism. He is famous because he discovered the urea cycle and the citric acid cycle (also called the Krebs Cycle). Krebs won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for this, in 1953.
Early years[change | change source]
Education[change | change source]
Krebs studied medicine at the University of Göttingen and the University of Freiburg from 1918–1923. He earned his Ph.D. at the University of Hamburg in 1925. Next, he studied chemistry in Berlin for one year. In Berlin, he helped Otto Warburg at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biology until 1930.
Career[change | change source]
Krebs worked as a doctor in the Altona hospital and at the University of Freiburg. At the University of Freiburg he researched the urea cycle.
Because he was Jewish, Krebs could not be a doctor in Germany. In 1933 he moved to England. He worked at Cambridge with Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins. In Cambridge he researched biochemistry. In 1945 he became a Professor (teacher) at the University of Sheffield.
In 1954 he became a professor in Oxford. After his retirement, Krebs continued work at the Radcliffe Infirmary until his death. He was a fellow of Trinity College in Oxford.
Honors[change | change source]
Personal life[change | change source]
In 1938, Krebs married Margaret Cicely Fieldhouse. They had three children: two boys and a girl. His son John Krebs was an ornithologist (scientist who studies birds) and member of the House of Lords. His other son was called Paul. His daughter was Helen.
Timeline[change | change source]
- 1900 Born in Germany
- 1918 Began medical school
- 1923 Graduated from medical school
- 1925 Graduated with Ph.D. from University of Hamburg
- 1932 Identification of Urea cycle
- 1933 Moved to the United Kingdom
- 1937 Identification of Citric acid cycle or "Krebs cycle"
- 1945 Became a Professor at University of Sheffield
- 1953 Won the Nobel Prize
- 1958 Knighted
- 1981 Died in Oxford
References[change | change source]
- Stubbs M. & Gibbons G. 2000. "Hans Adolf Krebs (1900-1981)...his life and times". IUBMB Life 50 (3): 163–6. doi:10.1080/152165400300001462. PMID 11142342.
- Raju T.N. 1999 (May). "The Nobel chronicles. 1953: Hans Adolf Krebs (1900-81) and Fritz Albert Lipmann (1899-1986)". The Lancet 353 (9164): 1628. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)75758-5. PMID 10334294.
- Biography - Hans Adolf Krebs Nobel Prize
- *Plaque to Krebs on his Iffley home Oxfordshire Blue Plaques