|Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov|
Ilya Mechnikov, 1908
|Born||16 May 1845
near Kharkov, Russia
|Died||16 July 1916
|Institutions||Institut Pasteur, Paris, France|
|Alma mater||University of Kharkoff|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1908)|
Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (16 May 1845 – 16 July 1916) was a Russian zoologist. He won the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, with Paul Ehrlich, for finding out how immunity fights disease.
Mechnikov was a protozoologist who became better known for the discovery of macrophages in 1882. He discovered how they dealt with germs by phagocytosis. Macrophages are found in virtually all tissues, and patrol for potential pathogens by amoeboid movement.
He is also credited with coining the term gerontology in 1903, for the emerging study of ageing and longevity.
References[change | change source]
- Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (Russian: Илья́ Ильи́ч Ме́чников, Ukrainian: Ілля Ілліч Мечников, also known as Élie Metchnikoff)
- "Biography of Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov". The Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1908/mechnikov-bio.html. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1908". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1908/index.html. Retrieved 2007-07-28.
- Ovchinnikov, Dmitry A. 2008. Macrophages in the embryo and beyond: much more than just giant phagocytes. Genesis 46 (9): 447–62.