Ilya Mechnikov

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Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov
Ilya Mechnikov, 1908
Born16 May 1845
Died16 July 1916
Alma materUniversity of Kharkoff
AwardsNobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1908)
Scientific career
FieldsZoology, immunology
InstitutionsInstitut Pasteur, Paris, France

Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov[1] (16 May 1845 – 16 July 1916) was a Ukrainian[2] zoologist of (partly) Jewish descent (his mother was Jewish).[3] He won the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, with Paul Ehrlich, for finding out how immunity fights disease.

Mechnikov was a protozoologist who became better known for the discovery of macrophages in 1882. He discovered how they dealt with germs by phagocytosis. Macrophages are found in virtually all tissues,[4] and patrol for potential pathogens by amoeboid movement.

He is also credited with coining the term gerontology in 1903, for the emerging study of ageing and longevity.

He was born in Kharkov (now Kharkiv), Russian Empire (now Ukraine)[5][6]

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References[change | change source]

  1. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (Russian: Илья́ Ильи́ч Ме́чников, Ukrainian: Ілля Ілліч Мечников, also known as Élie Metchnikoff)
  2. "Народився Ілля Мечников, видатний учений-біолог, лауреат Нобелівської премії | Національна бібліотека України імені В. І. Вернадського". 2018-12-17. Archived from the original on 2018-12-17. Retrieved 2022-12-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. Elie Metchnikoff,
  4. Ovchinnikov, Dmitry A. 2008. Macrophages in the embryo and beyond: much more than just giant phagocytes. Genesis 46 (9): 447–62. [1]
  5. "Biography of Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  6. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1908". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2007-07-28.

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Media related to Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov at Wikimedia Commons