List of biologists

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This is a list of noted biologists by country.

Argentina[change | change source]

  • Bernardo Houssay got the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the function of the pituitary hormones in regulating blood sugar (glucose) in animals; physiologist; died in 1971
  • William Henry Hudson, ornithologist; died in 1922

Australia[change | change source]

Austria[change | change source]

  • Karl von Frisch, Austrian ethologist and Nobel laureate, best known for pioneering studies of bees; died in 1982
  • Hans Hass, died in 2013
  • Eric Kandel, he has a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the neural correlates of memory
  • Gregor Mendel, a monk who is often called the "father of genetics" for his study of the inheritance of traits in pea plants; died in 1884

Belgian[change | change source]

Brazil[change | change source]

Canada[change | change source]

  • Sidney Altman, molecular biologist, winner of the 1989 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on RNA
  • David H. Hubel, got the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for research on the visual system; neurobiologist; died in 2013

Chile[change | change source]

Czechia[change | change source]

Denmark[change | change source]

  • Schack August Steenberg Krogh, physiologist, winner of the 1920 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of the mechanism of regulation of the capillaries in skeletal muscle; died in

France[change | change source]

Germany[change | change source]

Great Britain[change | change source]

England[change | change source]

Scotland[change | change source]

Greece[change | change source]

Holland[change | change source]

Italy[change | change source]

Romania[change | change source]

Russia[change | change source]

  • Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, microbiologist, best known for his work on the immune system and phagocytosis; received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; died in 1916
  • Ivan Pavlov, discovered conditioning; won the Nobel Prize for his research on the digestive system; physiologist, psychologist and physician; died in 1936

South Africa[change | change source]

  • Sydney Brenner, he has a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (shared among three)

Spain[change | change source]

  • Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852–), considered the father of neuroscience; histologist and Nobel laureate; died in 1934

Sweden[change | change source]

Switzerland[change | change source]

United States[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "National Academy of Sciences".
  2. de Bary A. 1887. Comparative morphology and biology of the Fungi, Mycetozoa and Bacteria. Oxford, transl. Henry E F. Garnsey and Isaac Bayley Balfour.
  3. Hoppe T & Kutschera U. 2010. In the shadow of Darwin: Anton de Bary's origin of myxomycetology and a molecular phylogeny of the plasmodial slime molds Theory Biosci. 129 (1):15-23. .
  4. "Jane in the Forest Again". National Geographic. April 2003. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  5. Ball, P. (2014). "James Lovelock reflects on Gaia's legacy". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2014.15017.