|Gerty Therese Cori|
|Born||15 August, 1896
|Died||26 October, 1957
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
|Institutions||Washington University, St.Louis|
|Alma mater||German University of Prague|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1947)|
Early Life[change | change source]
Cori was born in Prague in 1896. She was the first of three daughters. Her father was a manager at a sugar refinery. Cori’s work was influenced by her parents. Her family encouraged her to pursue a career in science. She attended a special high school. Gerty Cori then entered the German University where she received an M.D. degree. There, she met her husband, Carl Ferdinand Cori. They both took the same classes and studied human complement. In 1922, they moved to the United States to seek a stabler life after World War I. In America, Ferdinand Cori worked at the University of Graz and the University of Vienna. Gerty's job involved her being an assistant at the Karolinen Children's Hospital. Her work there sparked her interest in the thyroid gland.
Accomplishments[change | change source]
Cori became the third woman ever and the first American woman to win a Nobel Prize in physiology. They researched the way a cell is able to use glycogen. For this work, they were given the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1947. She and her husband were only the third husband-and-wife team to receive this award. They shared the honor with Argentine physiologist Bernardo Houssay. They discovered how glycogen—a derivative of glucose—is broken down in muscle tissue into lactic acid. After this, it is absorbed in the body and stored as source of energy. This process is called the Cori cycle. They also found the important catalyzing compound, the Cori ester. In 2004, Cori and her husband's work was designated an ACS National Historical Chemical Landmark for carbohydrate metabolism.
Cori passed away at the age of 61 on October 26, 1957 in Missouri. Her cause of death was myelosclerosis, a blood disease. Her husband remarried Anne Fitzgerald Jones three years after her death. In addition to her accomplishments with the Nobel Prize, Gerty Cori also received the Garvan Medal for women chemists from the American Chemical Society, and gained membership to The National Academy of Sciences.
References[change | change source]
- "Cori, Gerty Theresa". World Book Student. World Book. 2017. http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar725874. Retrieved 2017-03-31.