|Born||19 June 1906
|Died||12 August 1979
|Institutions||Cambridge University; Oxford University; IRCCM, Rome; Imperial College London|
|Alma mater||Friedrich-Wilhelm University|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1945)|
He shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, with Alexander Fleming and Howard Florey, for the discovery of penicillin and how it could cure bacterial infections. Later he worked on the chemical structure of penicillin and other natural antibiotics.
He won many awards: he was made a Commander of the Légion d'Honneur and awarded the Grande Ufficiale al Merito della Repubblica Italiana.