Ernst Chain

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Ernst Chain

Ernst B. Chain
Born 19 June 1906
Berlin, Germany
Died 12 August 1979
Mulrany, Ireland
Citizenship British
Ethnicity Jewish
Fields Biochemistry
Institutions Cambridge University; Oxford University; IRCCM, Rome; Imperial College London
Alma mater Friedrich-Wilhelm University
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1945)

Sir Ernst Boris Chain FRS (19 June 1906 – 12 August 1979) was a German-born British biochemist.[1]

He shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, with Alexander Fleming and Howard Florey, for the discovery of penicillin and how it could cure bacterial infections.[2] Later he worked on the chemical structure of penicillin and other natural antibiotics.

Chain was Jewish, and moved to England in 1933. In due course he took British citizenship, and was knighted in 1969.

He won many awards: he was made a Commander of the Légion d'Honneur and awarded the Grande Ufficiale al Merito della Repubblica Italiana.

References[change | edit source]

This person was awarded a Nobel Prize