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Ilya Mechnikov

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Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov
Ilya Mechnikov nobel.jpg
Ilya Mechnikov, 1908
Born16 May 1845
near Kharkov, Russian Empire
Died16 July 1916
Paris, France
Alma materUniversity of Kharkoff
AwardsNobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1908)
Scientific career
FieldsZoology, immunology
InstitutionsInstitut Pasteur, Paris, France

Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov[1] (16 May 1845 – 16 July 1916) was a Ukrainian-Russian zoologist of (partly) Jewish descent (his mother was Jewish).[2] He won the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, with Paul Ehrlich, for finding out how immunity fights disease.

Mechnikov was a protozoologist who became better known for the discovery of macrophages in 1882. He discovered how they dealt with germs by phagocytosis. Macrophages are found in virtually all tissues,[3] and patrol for potential pathogens by amoeboid movement.

He is also credited with coining the term gerontology in 1903, for the emerging study of ageing and longevity.

He was born in Kharkov (now Kharkiv), Russian Empire (now Ukraine) [4][5]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (Russian: Илья́ Ильи́ч Ме́чников, Ukrainian: Ілля Ілліч Мечников, also known as Élie Metchnikoff)
  2. Elie Metchnikoff, www.encyclopedia.com
  3. Ovchinnikov, Dmitry A. 2008. Macrophages in the embryo and beyond: much more than just giant phagocytes. Genesis 46 (9): 447–62. [1]
  4. "Biography of Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
  5. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1908". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2007-07-28.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Ilya Macnikov at Wikimedia Commons