Louis XVIII of France

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Gérard - Louis XVIII of France in Coronation Robes.jpg
Louis XVIII on his Imperial throne
King of France and of Navarre
Tenure11 April 1814 – 20 March 1815
Tenure7 July 1815– 16 September 1824
Born17 November 1755
Palace of Versailles, France
Died16 September 1824(1824-09-16) (aged 68)
Tuileries, Paris, France
BurialBasilica of Saint Denis, France
SpouseMarie Joséphine of Savoy
Full name
Louis Stanislas Xavier de France
FatherLouis, Dauphin of France
MotherMarie Josephe of Saxony

Louis XVIII, the desired (1755– 1824), king of France from April 1814 to March 1815 and again from July 1815 to September 1824. He ascended the throne when the monarchy was restored after the overthrow of Napoleon I and ruled as a constitutional sovereign. Born in Versailles, he was the brother of Louis XVI of France and in early life was known as the comte de Provence. He remained in Paris after the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 but escaped to Belgium two years later. After Louis XVI's execution in 1793 he proclaimed himself regent, and after the death of his brother's heir, Louis XVII, in 1795, he took the title Louis XVIII. He lived as an exile in various European countries until he became king after Napoleon's first abdication in 1814. On Napoleon's return to power in 1815, however, Louis again fled to Belgium; later the same year he was restored to the throne after Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo. The Charter, or constitution, that he promulgated in 1814 established a bicameral legislature, property qualifications for voters, and limitations on freedom of the press.

Prior to being proclaimed King he was known as the Count of Provence (comte de Provence)

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