U.S. Presidential line of succession

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United States Presidential line of succession is the order of who replaces the United States President if the president leaves office before his term ends. If the President dies, quits, or is removed from office, the Vice President becomes President for the rest of the term. If the Vice President cannot do it, the next person in the line of succession acts as President. As of 2016, only the Vice President has replaced the President in history.

Prior Lines of Succession[change | change source]

The laws about succession were first created in 1792. The second in line, after the Vice President, was the leader of the Executive Branch. The next in line was the Speaker of the House of Representatives. In 1868, during the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson, Benjamin Wade was the leader of the Senate. He almost became new president but Johnson was found not guilty by one vote. Johnson had been the Vice President for Abraham Lincoln. He became President after the assassination of Lincoln. Because of Lincoln's assassination, there was no Vice President at the time. The Chief Justice and other members of the Supreme Court were not a part of the line of succession.

In 1886, after the death of Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks, Congress passed a law that took out the leaders of the Senate and House of Representatives from the line of succession[1]. The new person behind the Vice President in line was Secretary of State, followed by other Cabinet members.

Current Line of Succession[change | change source]

The most recent law about the line of succession was passed in 1947. Right below is the current line of succession for the United States:

# Office Current Officer
1 Vice President Joe Biden
2 Speaker of the House of Representatives Paul Ryan
3 President pro tempore of the US Senate Orrin Hatch
4 Secretary of State John Kerry
5 Secretary of the Treasury Jack Lew
6 Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter
7 Attorney General Loretta Lynch
8 Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell
9 Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack
10 Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker
11 Secretary of Labor Thomas Perez
12 Secretary of Health and Human Services Sylvia Mathews Burwell
13 Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julian Castro
14 Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx
15 Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz
16 Secretary of Education John King, Jr.
17 Secretary of Veterans Affairs Robert McDonald
18 Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson

References[change | change source]

"Succession to the Presidency - A Chronology". http://www.doctorzebra.com/prez/a_succession.htm. Retrieved 21 October 2015.

Other websites[change | change source]