Emperor Fushimi

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For the 124th emperor also known as Hirohito, see Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Emperor Fushimi.jpg
BornMay 10, 1265
DiedOctober 8, 1317 (aged 52)
Fukakusa no kita no Misasagi (Kyoto)

Emperor Fushimi (伏見天皇 Fushimi-tennō) (10 May 1265 – 8 October 1317) was the 92nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.[1] His reign started in 1287 and ended in 1298.[2]

Traditional history[change | change source]

Before he became the monarch, this prince's personal name (imina) was Hirohito-shinnō (熈仁親王).[3]

Note: Although the Roman-alphabet spelling of the name of this 13th-century emperor is the same as the personal name of Emperor Shōwa, the kanji are different:
Emperor Fushimi, formerly Prince Hirohito (熈仁)
Emperor Shōwa, formerly Prince Hirohito (裕仁)

Prince Hirohito was the second son of Emperor Go-Fukakusa.[4]

Events of Fushimi's life[change | change source]

Hirohito-shinnō was named Crown Prince. He became heir to Emperor Go-Uda.[4]

  • 1287 (Kōan 10, 10th month): In the 13th year of Go-Uda-tennō 's reign, he abdicated. The succession (the senso) was received by his cousin.[5]
  • 1288 (Kōan 11): Emperor Fushimi is said to have accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui).[5] This was confirmed in ceremonies.[6]
  • 1289 (Shōō 2, 4th month): Fushimi adopted the son of his younger brother; and this new son was named Crown Prince and heir.[7]
  • 19 April 1290 (Shōō 3, 9th day of the 3rd month): Assassins failed in an attempt to kill the emperor in his palace.[8]
  • 1298 (Einin 6, 7th month): In the 11th year of Fushimi's reign, he abdicated. His heir became known as Emperor Go-Fushimi.[9]
  • 1301 (Shōan 3, 1st month): In the 5th year of Go-Fushimi's reign, the adopted son of Fushimi was forced to abdicate.[10]
  • 1308 (Tokuji 3, 8th month): In the 8th year of Emperor Go-Nijo's reign, the young ruler died at age of 24. Fushimi's grandson was named as Go-Nijo's successor. Go-Fushimi's son became known as Emperor Hanazono.[11]
  • 1313 (Shōwa 2, 10th month): Retired Emperor Fushimi shaved his head and became a Buddhist monk.[12]
  • 1317 (Bunpō 1, 9th month): Former-Emperor Fushimi died at age 53.[13]

After his death[change | change source]

According to the Imperial Household Agency, the mausoleum (misasagi) of Kammu is in Kyoto.[1] The emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine at Fukakusa no kita no misasagi (深草北陵) in Fushimi-ku in Kyoto.[14]

Eras of Fushimi's reign[change | change source]

The years of Fushimi's reign are marked by more than one era name.[15]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 伏見天皇 (92); retrieved 2011-10-20.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 269-274; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 237-238.
  3. Titsingh, p. 269; Varley, p. 237.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fushimi Tennō", in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 224.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Titsingh, p. 269.
  6. Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
  7. Titsingh, p. 270.
  8. Titsingh, pp. 271-272.
  9. Titsingh, p. 274.
  10. Titsingh, p. 275.
  11. Titsingh, p. 278.
  12. Titsingh, p. 279.
  13. Titsingh, p. 281; Varley, p. 241.
  14. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 422.
  15. Titsingh, pp. 269-274.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Emperor Fushimi at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Emperor Go-Uda
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Fushimi