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Emperor Buretsu

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Emperor of Japan
Kataoka no Iwatsuki no oka no kita no misasagi (Nara)

Emperor Buretsu (武烈天皇, Buretsu-tennō) was the 25th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2] Historians consider details about the life of Emperor Buretsu to be possibly legendary, but probable.[3] The name Buretsu-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.

No certain dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign.[4] The conventionally accepted names and sequence of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.[5]

Traditional history

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Buretsu was a son of Emperor Ninken. Buretsu was childless; and he became been the last monarch of the first Imperial dynasty of Japan.[6]

Events of Buretsu's life

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Very little is known about the events of Buretsu's life and reign. Only limited information is available for study prior to the reign of the 29th monarch, Emperor Kimmei.[7]

As emperor, Buretsu is described as wicked in the Nihonshoki, but this assessment is not mirrored in the text of the Kojiki.

After his death

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This emperor's official name after his death (his posthumous name) was regularized many centuries after the lifetime which was ascribed to Buretsu.[8]

The kami of Emperor Buretsu was venerated at a Shinto shrine in Takaichi, Yamato province.[9]

According to the Imperial Household Agency, the emperor's final resting place is in an earthen tumulus (kofun). Buretsu is venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) which is associated with the burial mound.[1]

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The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 武烈天皇 (24); retrieved 2011-10-18.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 31; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 117-118; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
  3. Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009; retrieved 2011-10-18.
  4. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 30.
  5. Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
  6. Aston, William. (1998). Nihongi, Vol. 1, pp. 393-407.
  7. Titsingh, pp. 34-36; Brown, pp. 261-262; Varley, pp. 123-124.
  8. Aston (1998), pp. 146-147.
  9. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 128.
Preceded by
Emperor Ninken
Legendary Emperor of Japan

(traditional dates)
Succeeded by
Emperor Keitai