Emperor Jomei

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Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan
DiedNovember 17, 641 (aged 49)
Kudara no Miya
Osaka no uchi no misasagi (Nara)
  • Princess Takara (Kōgyoku)
  • Princess Tame
  • Soga no Hote-no-iratsume
  • Awata no Kagushi-hime
  • Soga no Tetsuki-no-iratsume
  • Emperor Tenji
  • Emperor Tenmu
  • Princess Hashihito
  • Prince Furuhito-no-Ōe
  • Princess Nunoshiki
  • Princess Oshisaka-no-watamuki
  • Princess Yata
  • Prince Kaya
FatherPrince Oshisaka-no-hikohito-no-Ōe
MotherPrincess Nukate-hime

Emperor Jomei (舒明天皇, Jomei-tennō, 593 – 641) was the 34th Emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2] His reign started in 629 and ended in 641.[3] Historians consider details about the life of Emperor Jomei to be possibly legendary, but probable.[4] The name Jomei-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.

The conventionally accepted names and sequence of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.[5]

Traditional history[change | change source]

Jomei was a grandson of Emperor Bidatsu and a great-grandson of Emperor Kimmei.[6]

Events in Jomei's reign[change | change source]

Suiko did not make it clear who was to succeed her after her death.

Jomei's reign lasted 13 years.

After his death[change | change source]

The actual place of Jomei's grave is known. This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Nara. The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Jomei's mausoleum.[1] It is formally named Osaka no uchi no misasagi.[10]

Poetry[change | change source]

Some short poems are believed to have been written by Emperor Jomei. For example,

Countless are the mountains in Yamato,
But perfect is the heavenly hill of Kagu;
When I climb it and survey my realm,
Over the wide plain the smoke-wreaths rise and rise,
Over the wide lake the gulls are on the wing;
A beautiful land it is, the land of Yamato!
-- Emperor Jomei[11]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 斉明天皇 (34)
  2. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 48.
  3. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 42-43; Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gukanshō, pp.263; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 129-130; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963..
  4. Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009; retrieved 2011-10-18.
  5. Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
  6. Varley, p. 129.
  7. Titsingh, p. 42; Brown, p. 264; Varley, p. 130.
  8. Varley, p. 44; compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
  9. Nussbaurm, "Suiko Tennō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 910.
  10. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 420.
  11. Nippon Gakujutsu Shinkokai. (1969). "Climbing Kagu-yama and looking upon the land" in The Manyōshū, p. 3.

Other websites[change | change source]

Wikisource logo Works written by or about Emperor Jomei at Wikisource

Preceded by
Empress Suiko
Emperor of Japan

Succeeded by
Empress Kōgyoku