|Emperor of Japan|
|Born||22 January 827|
|Birthplace||Kyoto (Heian kyō)|
|Died||27 August 858|
|Place of death||Kyoto|
|Buried||Tamura no misasagi (Kyoto)|
Traditional narrative[change | change source]
Montoku had six Imperial consorts and 29 Imperial sons.
Events of Montoku's life[change | change source]
Before he became the monarch, he was Crown Prince for 8 years.
- 6 May 850 (Kashō 3, 21st day of the 3rd month): In the 17th year of Ninmyō-tennō 's reign (仁明天皇17年), the emperor died. His eldest son received the succession (senso).
- 850 (Kashō 3, 4th month): Emperor Montoku formally acceded to the throne (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
- 850 (Kashō 3, 5th month): The widow of Emperor Saga, who was the mother of Emperor Ninmyō and the grandmother of Emperor Montoku, died.
- 850 (Kashō 3, 11th month): The emperor named Korehito-shinnō, the 4th son of Emperor Montoku as his heir. This 9-month-old baby was also the grandson of Fujiwara no Yoshifusa who was Minister of the Right (udaijin).
- 855 (Saikō 2, 1st month): The Emishi organized a rebellion. In response, a force of 1,000 men and provisions were sent to the north.
- 855 (Saikō 2, 5th month): The head of the great statute of Buddha in the Tōdai-ji fell off.
- 7 October 858 (Ten'an 2, 27th day of the 8th month): Montoku died at the age of 32.
After his death[change | change source]
According to the Imperial Household Agency, the mausoleum (misasagi) of Montoku is in Kyoto. The emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine at this location. The site is formally named Tamura no misasagi.
Eras of reign[change | change source]
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 文徳天皇 (55); retrieved 2011-10-26.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 64-65.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 112; Brown, Delmer M. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 264-265; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 165.
- Brown, pp. 264; before to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them; however, the number of characters in each name were shorter after Jomei's reign.
- Titsingh, p. 112; Brown p. 285.
- Varley, p. 165.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 8.
- Brown, p. 285.
- Titsingh, p. 112; Brown, p. 284.
- Titsingh, p. 112.
- Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
- Brown, p. 286.
- Titsingh, p. 113.
- Titsingh, p. 114.
- Brown, p. 285-286; Varley, p. 165.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 420.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Emperor Montoku at Wikimedia Commons
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