Emperor Hanzei

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Emperor of Japan
Mozu no Mimihara no naka no misasagi (Osaka)

Emperor Hanzei (反正天皇, Hanzei-tennō) was the 18th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2] Historians consider details about the life of Emperor Hanzei to be possibly legendary, but probable.[3] The name Hanzei-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.

No certain dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign.[4] The conventionally accepted names and sequence of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.[5]

Traditional history[change | change source]

According to Nihonshoki and Kojiki, he was a son of Emperor Nintoku. The eldest son would become known as Emperor Richū.

Hanzei was the brother of Richū. Hanzei's enthronement by-passed Richū's two sons. Few other details have survived.[6]

Events of Hanzei's life[change | change source]

Very little is known about the events of Hanzei's life and reign. Only limited information is available for study prior to the reign of the 29th monarch, Emperor Kimmei.[7]

The mausoleum (misasagi) of Emperor Hanzei in Osaka Prefecture.

Hanzei's reign is described as a time of peace. He died quietly in his palace.[8]

After his death[change | change source]

This emperor's official name after his death (his posthumous name) was regularized many centuries after the lifetime which was ascribed to Hanzei.[9]

According to the Imperial Household Agency, the emperor's final resting place is in an earthen tumulus (kofun) at Sakai. Hanzei is venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) which is associated with the burial mound.[1]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 反正天皇 (18); retrieved 2011-10-16.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 25; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 112; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
  3. Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009; retrieved 2011-10-16.
  4. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 30.
  5. Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
  6. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 39.
  7. Titsingh, pp. 34-36; Brown, pp. 261-262; Varley, pp. 123-124.
  8. Aston, William. (1998). Nihongi, Vol. 1, pp. 310-311.
  9. Aston, pp. 146-147.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Emperor Hanzei at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Emperor Richū
Legendary Emperor of Japan

(traditional dates)
Succeeded by
Emperor Ingyō