IMI Galil

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Galil
Galil.jpg
An IMI Galil
Type Assault rifle
Place of origin  Israel
Service history
In service 1972–present [1]
Used by See Users
Wars Lebanon Conflict, War in Somalia (1992–1993), South African Border War, Operation Enduring Freedom/ISAF – Afghanistan, Iraq War, Insurgency in the Philippines, Guatemalan insurgency, Colombian Armed Conflict
Production history
Designer Yisrael Galili, Yaacov Lior
Manufacturer Israel Military Industries (IMI), Bernardelli, Indumil, Ka Pa Sa State Factories
Specifications
Cartridge
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire 630–750 rounds/min
Feed system 5.56mm: 35, 50, 65-round removable box magazine
7.62mm: 25-round box magazine

The Galil is a family of Israeli small arms. They were designed by Yisrael Galil and Yaacov Lior in the late 1960s. They were made by Israel Military Industries Ltd (now Israel Weapon Industries Ltd) of Ramat HaSharon.

History[change | change source]

The Galil's design is supposed to make it work well in warm weather. It was designed from the Finnish RK 62.[2] The RK 62 itself was designed from the Soviet AK-47 assault rifle. It was chosen as the winner of a competition for the Israel Defense Forces. This competition included many other designs. Some of these were the M16A1, Stoner 63, AK-47 and HK33. The Galil was officially brought into service in 1972. It replaced the FN FAL.

Design[change | change source]

Features[change | change source]

An Estonian soldier on patrol in Iraq with the compact Galil SAR in 5.56x45mm.
Galil rifle in Israeli service

The Galil is fired by a small hammer. It has a trigger mechanism which was designed from the trigger used in the American M1 Garand.[2] The rifle's fire has three positions: "R" (First letter of "repeating", which is a British word for semi-automatic fire); the middle position, "A", gives fully automatic fire; and pushing the lever fully forward turns on the safety so that the weapon can not be fired.

The weapon is made with a plastic hand guard and pistol grip. The rifle can be used with a sound suppressor. A suppressor makes the weapon quieter. The weapon has a bottle opener and wire cutter built into the bipod. The bottle opener was built in to stop damage to magazines. This was because the magazines were being used to open bottles. Wire cutters were built in to reduce the time that IDF troops took to cut down wire fences. This is because there are many wire fences in rural areas of Israel.

Barrel[change | change source]

The barrel has a flash suppressor. It can be used to launch rifle grenades or attach a bayonet. It is possible to attach the M7 bayonet to the Galil.[2]

Feeding[change | change source]

The Galil gets its ammunition from a curved, steel box magazine. It can hold 35 rounds. There is a special colour-coded 12-round magazine which is used for blanks. The magazine is put into the gun in a similar way to the AK group. A special attachment can allow the Galil to use STANAG magazines.[3][2]

Types of Galil[change | change source]

Djiboutian National Police officers with the 7.62mm Galil AR.
A Nepalese peacekeeper with the 7.62mm Galil SAR.

AR[change | change source]

The AR is the normal rifle version. It has a plastic handguard. The handguard can take a lot of damage before breaking. The stock of the AR can fold (to the right side).

SAR[change | change source]

The SAR carbine type of the AR has a shorter barrel (332 mm, 13.07in). Because the barrel is shorter, the mechanisms inside the barrel are also smaller.

ARM[change | change source]

The ARM version is a light machine gun. It has a handle to carry the weapon, a bipod which folds and a larger handguard. The handguard is made from wood. The wooden handguard stays cool when the weapon is being fired fully automatically. The bipod can be used as a wire cutter. The back of the handguard can be used to open bottles. This was put in to stop soldiers opening bottles with the magazines, as this damaged them.[2]

MAR[change | change source]

MAR stands for Micro Galil. It is a smaller version of the SAR. It weighs 2.98 kg without a magazine. The MAR gets its ammunition from a 35-round magazine. Two of these can be attached to make reloading quicker. The MAR has the same rate of fire (630-750 rounds per minute) as other 5.56 mm Galil models. An optional magazine adapter inserted inside the magazine well allows the use of standard 20 and 30-round M16 magazines. The MAR has four settings: "S"—weapon can not fire, "A"—automatic fire, "B"—3-round burst, "R"—semi-automatic fire. The MAR can have many different sights attached to it. The MAR can also be given with plastic magazines (instead of steel magazines). These weigh 0.164 kg. They can also be given with more space around the trigger so that soldiers wearing gloves can fire it.

Other types[change | change source]

Some other types of Galil are:

  • Magal: This is a version of the Galil MAR. It is for use with police forces. It fires .30 Carbine rounds.
  • Golan: A civilian version with a new-production milled semi automatic receiver built in the United States with all other components original IMI Galil production parts.
  • Galil ACE: The Galil ACE is a new group of Galils. They were designed by a Colombian company called Indumil. There are three versions of ACE: Micro, SAR and AR. It can have all its parts removed without using any tools.

Users[change | change source]

Peruvian Marines here are using the 7.62mm Galil AR.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Bishop, Chris. Guns in Combat. Chartwell Books, Inc (1998). ISBN 0-7858-0844-2.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Kokalis, Peter (2001). Weapons Tests And Evaluations: The Best Of Soldier Of Fortune. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press. p. 253. ISBN 1581601220. 
  3. http://media.photobucket.com/image/galil%20m16%20magazine%20adapter/Smittyd5r/Gun%2520Stuff/ORFGalilARFG1.jpg
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0710628695.
  5. http://www.indumil.gov.co/?id_c=21&tpl=producto
  6. "IWI Galil ACE 5.56 mm assault rifle (Israel), Rifles". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2010. 
  7. http://www.navy.mil/view_single.asp?id=42208
  8. Haapiseva-Hunter, Jane (1999). Israeli foreign policy: South Africa and Central America. South End Press. p. 115. ISBN 978-0896082854. 
  9. Eesti Kaitsevägi - Tehnika - Automaat Galil AR
  10. http://www.mil.ee/?menu=tehnika1&sisu=galilsar
  11. http://www.mil.ee/?menu=tehnika1&sisu=galilarm
  12. http://www.mil.ee/?menu=tehnika1&sisu=galilsnaiper
  13. http://geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=9&lang=en
  14. Haapiseva-Hunter, Jane (1999). Israeli foreign policy: South Africa and Central America. South End Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-0896082854. 
  15. "Kopassus & Kopaska - Specijalne Postrojbe Republike Indonezije" (in Croatian). Hrvatski Vojnik Magazine. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  16. Hogg, Ian (2002). Jane's Guns Recognition Guide. Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-00-712760-X.
  17. Picture of the Knesset Guard on Israel's 52nd Independence Day armed with Galil, Israeli Knesset Official Website.
  18. http://www.sipse.com/noticias/7645-nuevo-armamento-para-cancun.html
  19. http://www.bits.de/public/articles/kw_nl/kleinwaffen-nl04-08eng.htm
  20. Walter, John (2006). Rifles of the World. Krause. p. 616. ISBN 978-0896892415. 
  21. http://www.army.mil.za/equipment/weaponsystems/infantry/R4_R5%20Assault_Rifles.htm

More reading[change | change source]

  • Kokalis, Peter (2001). Weapons Tests And Evaluations: The Best Of Soldier Of Fortune. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press. ISBN 1581601220. 

Other websites[change | change source]