Jerome Karle

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jerome Karle
Karle in 2009
Jerome Karfunkle

(1918-06-18)June 18, 1918
DiedJune 6, 2013(2013-06-06) (aged 94)
Alma materCity College of New York
Harvard University
University of Michigan
SpouseIsabella Helen (Lugoski) Karle (m. 1942; 3 children)
AwardsNobel Prize in Chemistry in 1985
Scientific career
FieldsPhysical chemistry
Doctoral advisorLawrence O. Brockway

Jerome Karle (Jerome Karfunkle; June 18, 1918 – June 6, 2013) was an American physical chemist. During World War II, he and his wife Isabella Karle worked on the Manhattan Project.

With Herbert A. Hauptman, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1985, for the direct analysis of crystal structures using X-ray scattering techniques.[1][2]

Karle was a former president of both the American Crystallographic Association (ACA) (1972) and the IUCr (1981-1984), as well as a co-recipient of the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on direct methods. Among the many additional honors he received for his work, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1976 and the American Philosophical Society in 1990.

Karle died of liver cancer at the Leewood Healthcare Center in Annandale, Virginia on June 6, 2013 at the age of 94.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. NRL Scientists Receive 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry Archived 2007-10-08 at the Wayback Machine, United States Naval Research Laboratory. Accessed September 22, 2009.
  2. W.A. Hendrickson (2013) Jerome Karle (1918–2013), Nature 499(7459), pp 410.
  3. Jerome Karle, who shared the 1985 Nobel Prize in chemistry, dies at 94. Accessed June 14, 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]