12 September 1897|
|Died||17 March 1956
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1935)|
Irène Joliet-Curie (12 September 1897 – 17 March 1956) was a French scientist. She won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1935 with her husband, Frédéric Joliot. Curie was the daughter of Pierre and Marie Curie
Education[change | change source]
Curie started her studies at the Faculty of Science in Paris. During World War I, she served as a radiographer. Curie became Doctor of Science in 1925. She did her thesis on the alpha rays of polonium.
Research[change | change source]
Curie did important work on radioactivity, transmutation of elements, and nuclear physics. Curie and her husband won the 1935 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for their creation of new radioactive elements. This work was written about in their paper "Production artificielle d'éléments radioactifs. Preuve chimique de la transmutation des éléments" (1934).
In 1938, she researched the action of neutrons on the heavy elements. This was an important part of the discovery of the nuclear fission of uranium. Curie became Professor in the Faculty of Science in Paris in 1937. She became Director of the Radium Institute in 1946. After six years as a Commissioner for Atomic Energy, Curie took part in the construction of the first French atomic pile in 1948. Its construction was continued after her death by her husband.
Personal life[change | change source]
Curie was born in Paris. She married Joliot in 1926. They had a son and a daughter. Curie was very interested in social and intellectual advancement of women. In 1936, she became Undersecretary of State for Scientific Research.
Curie died in Paris in 1956.
References[change | change source]
- "Irène Joliot-Curie biography". Nobelprize.org. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1935/joliot-curie-bio.html. Retrieved 25 November 2012.