John B. Goodenough

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John B. Goodenough
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John Bannister Goodenough

(1922-07-25) July 25, 1922 (age 100)
EducationYale University (BS)
University of Chicago (MS, PhD)
Known forLi-ion rechargeable battery, Goodenough–Kanamori rules
AwardsJapan Prize (2001)
Enrico Fermi Award (2009)
National Medal of Science (2011)
IEEE Medal for Environmental and Safety Technologies(2012)
Charles Stark Draper Prize (2014)
Welch Award (2017)
Copley Medal (2019)
Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2019)
Scientific career
InstitutionsMassachusetts Institute of Technology
University of Oxford
University of Texas at Austin
Doctoral advisorClarence Zener
Notable studentsBill David (postdoc)[1]

John Bannister Goodenough (born July 25, 1922) is an American professor and solid-state physicist. He is currently a professor of mechanical engineering and materials science at The University of Texas at Austin. He is known for his creation of the lithium-ion battery, which is used on cellphones such as iphones.

Career[change | change source]

In 2014, he won the Charles Stark Draper Prize for his works to the lithium-ion battery.[2] In 2019, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino. At age 97, he is the oldest person to win a Nobel prize.[3] His other works also focus on the field of magnetism.

Since 1986, Goodenough has been a Professor at The University of Texas at Austin.[4] During his time there, he has worked on research on ionic conducting solids and electrochemical devices. He wanted to study to fix materials for batteries to help create electric vehicles and help end the use of fossil fuels.[5] Goodenough discovered the polyanion class of cathodes.[6][7][8] They showed that positive electrodes having polyanions, sulfates, create higher voltages than oxides because of the inductive effect of the polyanion.[9]

In 2011, Goodenough was honored with the National Medal of Science by President Barack Obama.

Personal life[change | change source]

Goodenough was born in Jena, Germany, to American parents. During and after graduating from Yale University, Goodenough was a U.S. military meteorologist in World War II. He got a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago. He became a researcher at MIT Lincoln Laboratory, and later the head of the Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory at the University of Oxford.

Goodenough turned 100 in July 2022.[10]

References[change | change source]

  1. Thackeray, M.M.; David, W.I.F.; Bruce, P.G.; Goodenough, J.B. (1983). "Lithium insertion into manganese spinels". Materials Research Bulletin. 18 (4): 461–472. doi:10.1016/0025-5408(83)90138-1.
  2. Charles Stark Draper Prize News, National Academy of Engineering. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  3. Specia, Megan (October 9, 2019). "Nobel Prize in Chemistry Honors Work on Lithium-Ion Batteries - John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham, and Akira Yoshino were recognized for research that has "laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil-fuel-free society."". The New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  4. Henderson, Jim (June 5, 2004). "UT professor, 81, is mired in patent lawsuit". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  5. MacFarlene, Sarah (August 9, 2018). "The Battery Pioneer Who, at Age 96, Keeps Going and Going". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  6. Masquelier, Christian; Croguennec, Laurence (2013). "Polyanionic (Phosphates, Silicates, Sulfates) Frameworks as Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Li (or Na) Batteries". Chemical Reviews. 113 (8): 6552–6591. doi:10.1021/cr3001862. PMID 23742145.
  7. Manthiram, A.; Goodenough, J. B. (1989). "Lithium insertion into Fe2(SO4)3 frameworks". Journal of Power Sources. 26 (3–4): 403–408. Bibcode:1989JPS....26..403M. doi:10.1016/0378-7753(89)80153-3.
  8. Manthiram, A.; Goodenough, J. B. (1987). "Lithium insertion into Fe2(MO4)3 frameworks: Comparison of M = W with M = Mo". Journal of Solid State Chemistry. 71 (2): 349–360. Bibcode:1987JSSCh..71..349M. doi:10.1016/0022-4596(87)90242-8.
  9. Lerner, Louise (October 9, 2019). "University of Chicago alum John B. Goodenough shares Nobel Prize for invention of lithium-ion battery". The University of Chicago. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  10. Podcast: For John Goodenough’s 100th birthday, Stereo Chemistry revisits a fan-favorite interview with the renowned scientist

Other websites[change | change source]