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12 May 1910|
|Died||29 July 1994
Ilmington, Warwickshire, England, UK
|Institutions||University of Oxford|
|Alma mater||Somerville College, Oxford
University of Cambridge
|Doctoral advisor||John Desmond Bernal|
|Known for||Development of Protein crystallography
Determining the structure of Insulin
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1964)
Copley Medal (1976)
In 1969, after 35 years of work and five years after winning the Nobel Prize, Hodgkin was able to decipher the structure of insulin.
X-ray crystallography became a widely used tool and helped to find structures of many biological molecules such as DNA. The structure of molecules helps us understand how they work.
Honours[change | change source]
She was Chancellor of Bristol University from 1970 to 1988, and President of Pugwash from 1976 to 1988. Pugwash is an organisation which holds conferences on Science and World Affairs. Because of her reputation as a 'peacenik', and her relationship with her left-wing mentor J.D. Bernal, Hodgkin was not allowed to enter the US except by CIA waiver. She received the Lenin Peace Prize in 1987.
Order of Merit[change | change source]
The Order of Merit display at the Royal Society (see infobox) mentions two interesting facts:
- She was the first woman to join the Order since Florence Nightingale
- She filled the vacancy left by Winston Churchill (the Order of Merit is restricted to 24 people at any one time)
References[change | change source]
- Howard, Judith A.K. (2003). "Dorothy Hodgkin and her contributions to biochemistry". Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology 4 (11): 891–896. doi:10.1038/nrm1243. PMID 14625538.
- Obituary: Royal Society of Edinburgh obituary
- Guy Dodson (2002). "Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, O.M. 12 May 1910--29 July 1994". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 48: 179–219. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2002.0011. http://rsbm.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/48/179.full.pdf+html?sid=bbcbbb73-078e-4656-8918-1c018a94aab4.
- Ferry, Georgina. 1998. Dorothy Hodgkin: a life. Granta Books, London.