History[change | change source]
After WWI the Turkic countries started a linguistic change to use only the Latin alphabet, promoted mainly by Kemal Atatürk of Turkey. Consequently, from 1927 to 1939 Kazakhstan (then part of the Soviet Union) used the Latin alphabet. But Stalin reinstated in 1940 the Cyrillic in order to impose a Russification of Soviet Central Asia.
In 1991 the newly independent Kazakshtan started to allow the return to the old Latin alphabet, but with the use of the Cyrillic as the primary alphabet.
In 2006 the present president Nazarbajev of Kazakhstan has started a project to substitute Cyrillic with the latin alphabeta", in order to officially use Kazakh as the only language of his country after 2020.
Kazakh letters[change | change source]
The Kazakh Latin alphabet has 38 letters:
|A a||Ä ä||B b||C c||Ç ç||D d||E e||Yo yo||F f||G g|
|Ğ ğ||H h||X x||I ı||İ i||J j||K k||Q q||L l||M m||N n|
|Ñ ñ||O o||Ö ö||P p||R r||S s||Ş ş||ŞÇ şç||T t||U u||Ü ü|
|V v||W w||Ý ý||Z z||É é||Ï ï||Yw yw||Ya ya|