Conservative wave

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Map of Latin America that shows countries run by political parties in the São Paulo Forum (left-wing group) in red, and parties that are not in the São Paulo Forum in blue. (2011)
Map of Latin America that shows countries run by political parties in the São Paulo Forum in red, and parties that are not in blue. (2018)

The conservative wave (Spanish: ola conservadora Portuguese: onda conservadora) or blue tide is a conservative political happening that started in the mid-2010s in Latin America. It was a reaction to the pink tide.

After 10 years of left-wing government, the influence of the left began to decrease. In Argentina the conservative Mauricio Macri took the place of the Peronist Cristina Fernández de Kirchner in 2015. In Brazil there was Dilma Rousseff, who was impeached with Michel Temer taking her job in 2016. In Peru the conservative economist (person who studies economics) Pedro Pablo Kuczynski took the job of the President before him, Ollanta Humala. In Chile, the conservative Sebastián Piñera took the job of socialist Michelle Bachelet in 2018. In 2018 Jair Bolsonaro was elected President of Brazil, and in 2021, the conservative banker Guillermo Lasso was elected President of Ecuador.

These events in Latin America are similar to other happenings around the world, such as the election of Donald Trump as President of the United States in 2016. The increase of evangelicals in Latin America may have helped start up the conservative wave.