Ununennium

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Ununennium, 119Uue
Ununennium
Pronunciation/ˌn.nˈɛniəm/ (About this soundlisten) (OON-oon-EN-ee-əm)
Alternative nameselement 119, eka-francium
Ununennium in the periodic table
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
Ununennium Unbinilium
Unquadtrium Unquadquadium Unquadpentium Unquadhexium Unquadseptium Unquadoctium Unquadennium Unpentnilium Unpentunium Unpentbium Unpenttrium Unpentquadium Unpentpentium Unpenthexium Unpentseptium Unpentoctium Unpentennium Unhexnilium Unhexunium Unhexbium Unhextrium Unhexquadium Unhexpentium Unhexhexium Unhexseptium Unhexoctium Unhexennium Unseptnilium Unseptunium Unseptbium
Unsepttrium Unseptquadum
Biniltrium Binilunium Binilbium Biniltrium Binilunium Binilbium Biniltrium Binilunium Binilbium Biniltrium Binilunium Binilbium Biniltrium Biunnilium Bibiunium Bibibium Bibiquadium
Unbiunium Unbibium Unbitrium Unbiquadium Unbipentium Unbihexium Unbiseptium Unbioctium Unbiennium Untrinilium Untriunium Untribium Untritrium Untriquadium Untripentium Untrihexium Untriseptium Untrioctium Untriennium Unquadnilium Unquadunium Unquadbium
Untrioctium Untriennium Unquadnilium Unquadunium Unquadbium Untrioctium Untriennium Unquadnilium Unquadunium Unquadbium Untrioctium Untriennium Unquadnilium Unquadunium Unquadbium Untrioctium Untriennium Unquadnilium Unquadunium Unquadbium Unquadunium Unquadbium
Fr

Uue

(Ust)
oganessonununenniumunbinilium
Atomic number (Z)119
Groupgroup 1: H and alkali metals
Periodperiod 8
Block  s-block
Electron configuration[Og] 8s1 (predicted)[1]
Electrons per shell2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 8, 1 (predicted)
Physical properties
Phase at STPunknown (could be solid or liquid)[1]
Melting point273–303 K ​(0–30 °C, ​32–86 °F) (predicted)[1]
Boiling point903 K ​(630 °C, ​1166 °F) (predicted)[2]
Density (near r.t.)3 g/cm3 (predicted)[1]
Heat of fusion2.01–2.05 kJ/mol (extrapolated)[3]
Atomic properties
Oxidation states(+1), (+3) (predicted)[1]
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 0.86 (predicted)[4]
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 463.1 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1698.1 kJ/mol
  • (predicted)[5]
Atomic radiusempirical: 240 pm (predicted)[1]
Covalent radius263–281 pm (extrapolated)[3]
Other properties
Crystal structurebody-centered cubic (bcc)
Body-centered cubic crystal structure for ununennium

(extrapolated)[6]
CAS Number54846-86-5
History
NamingIUPAC systematic element name
Main isotopes of ununennium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
294Uue (predicted)[1] syn ~1–10 μs α 290Ts
295Uue (predicted)[7] syn 20 μs α 291Ts
296Uue (predicted)[7] syn 12 μs α 292Ts
| references

Ununennium, or element 119, is a chemical element. Its symbol on the periodic table is Uue. Ununennium and Uue are substitute names made by the IUPAC, until permanent names are made. Ununennium is the element with the smallest atomic number that has not been created yet. Qualities of Ununennium are unknown, but many are predicted. It is predicted all isotopes will be radioactive. It may be an alkali metal.[8]

Many attempts have been made by American, German, and Russian teams to make ununennium but none have worked. Japanese and Russian teams plan to work on it in 2019 and 2020. Ununennium's spot on the periodic table is a sign that it may be similar to lighter elements such as lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, caesium, and francium; however, some of its properties may be different from what is expected. For example, ununennium might be less reactive than caesium and francium and will behave more like potassium or rubidium. As of 2017 it is unknown but Ununennium's only use will probably be for research purposes.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean (eds.). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4020-3555-5.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Fricke, B.; Waber, J. T. (1971). "Theoretical Predictions of the Chemistry of Superheavy Elements" (PDF). Actinides Reviews. 1: 433–485. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bonchev, Danail; Kamenska, Verginia (1981). "Predicting the Properties of the 113–120 Transactinide Elements". Journal of Physical Chemistry. American Chemical Society. 85 (9): 1177–1186. doi:10.1021/j150609a021.
  4. Pershina, V.; Borschevsky, A.; Anton, J. (20 February 2012). "Fully relativistic study of intermetallic dimers of group-1 elements K through element 119 and prediction of their adsorption on noble metal surfaces". Chemical Physics. Elsevier. 395: 87–94. Bibcode:2012CP....395...87P. doi:10.1016/j.chemphys.2011.04.017. This article gives the Mulliken electronegativity as 2.862, which has been converted to the Pauling scale via χP = 1.35χM1/2 − 1.37.
  5. Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry. 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  6. Seaborg, Glenn T. (1969). "Prospects for further considerable extension of the periodic table" (PDF). Journal of Chemical Education. 46 (10): 626–634. Bibcode:1969JChEd..46..626S. doi:10.1021/ed046p626. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Hofmann, Sigurd (2013). Overview and Perspectives of SHE Research at GSI SHIP. p. 23–32. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-00047-3.
  8. "Transuranium element". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 19 September 2017.