San Pedro de Macorís (city)

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San Pedro de Macorís
Central Park in San Pedro de Macorís
Nickname(s): Macorís del mar
San Pedro de Macorís (city) is located in Dominican Republic
San Pedro de Macorís
Coordinates: 18°27′N 69°17′W / 18.45°N 69.283°W / 18.45; -69.283Coordinates: 18°27′N 69°17′W / 18.45°N 69.283°W / 18.45; -69.283
Country  Dominican Republic
Province San Pedro de Macorís
Municipal Districts 1
Founded 1856
Municipality since 1865
 • Total 136.04 km2 (52.53 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 195,307
 • Density 1,435.7/km2 (3,718/sq mi)
 • Urban 185,255
  Including populations of its municipal districts
Demonym Petromacorisano (female, petromacorisana)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 35 km (22 mi) to La Romana
70 km (43 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of San Pedro de Macorís is the head municipality of the San Pedro de Macorís province, on the southeast of the country.

It has the nickname of Macorís del mar ("Macorís by the sea") to differentiate it from San Francisco de Macorís, in the Duarte Province.

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 195,307: 94,562 men and 100,745 women. The urban population was 94.85% of the total population. In this numbers is included the population of the municipal district Guayacanes.[3]

History[change | change source]

There were two very small towns on the left side of the mouth of the river Macorís (or Higuamo): Mosquito (because there were too many mosquitos) and Sol (English: "Sun", because there were not trees).[4] Even today, San Pedro de Macorís is called sometimes Mosquitisol after those two old and small towns.

Since 1852, there was a military post in this place: the Military Post of Macorís, part of the Hato Mayor del Rey municipality in the El Seibo Province.

In 1856, the priest Pedro Carrasco built a Catholic church with the name San Pedro Apóstol; the church was between the two towns of Mosquito and Sol. Both towns grew in direction of the church, forming one town called San Pedro de Macorís.[5]

When the country was again a Spanish colony, San Pedro de Macorís was made a "Comandancia de Armas" (an Spanish military category). When the country was free again, in 1865, every town with the category of "Comandancia de Armas" became a municipality.[5] But San Pedro de Macorís was still a very small town of the El Seibo Province.

After 1868, with the sugarcane plantations and the sugar factories, San Pedro de Macorís began to grow and it became one of the most important city in the Dominican Republic. Many people from Cuba and Puerto Rico came to live here during the last years of the 19th century and the first years of the 20th century. Later came people from the Spain and the Middle East (Lebanon, Syria) to work in businesses.

To work in the sugarcane fields and factories, people from Haiti and the British West Indies came to San Pedro de Macorís and other regions of the country.

Economy[change | change source]

The economy of San Pedro de Macorís grew around the sugar production; there were several sugar factories and most of that sugar was sent to other countries through its port and then it became one of the most important port of the country. Rhum is also produced in the city; rhum is made with alcohol from the sugar cane.

There are also some important industries, mainly to produce cement and textiles to send to other countries.

References[change | change source]

  1. Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Schomburgk, Robert H. (1881) (in Spanish). Reseña de los Principales Puertos y Puntos de Anclaje de las Costas de la República Dominicana. Santo Domingo: Imprenta de García Hermanos. pp. 19-20.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Alfau Durán, Vetilio (Julio-Diciembre 1978). "El Fundador de San Pedro de Macorís" (in Spanish). Clío (Santo Domingo: Academia Dominicana de la Historia) Año XLVII (135): 76-92.

Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este