San Pedro de Macorís (city)
|San Pedro de Macorís|
|— Municipality —|
|Nickname(s): Macorís del mar|
|Province||San Pedro de Macorís|
|• Total||136.04 km2 (52.53 sq mi)|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|• Density||1,435.7/km2 (3,718/sq mi)|
|Including populations of its municipal districts|
|Demonym||Petromacorisano (female, petromacorisana)|
|Time zone||AST (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||AST (UTC-4)|
|Distance||35 km (22 mi) to La Romana
70 km (43 mi) to Santo Domingo
|Website||Ayuntamiento Serie 23|
The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 195,307: 94,562 men and 100,745 women. The urban population was 94.85% of the total population. In this numbers is included the population of the municipal district Guayacanes.
There were two very small towns on the left side of the mouth of the river Macorís (or Higuamo): Mosquito (because there were too many mosquitos) and Sol (English: "Sun", because there were not trees). Even today, San Pedro de Macorís is called sometimes Mosquitisol after those two old and small towns.
In 1856, the priest Pedro Carrasco built a Catholic church with the name San Pedro Apóstol; the church was between the two towns of Mosquito and Sol. Both towns grew in direction of the church, forming one town called San Pedro de Macorís.
When the country was again a Spanish colony, San Pedro de Macorís was made a "Comandancia de Armas" (an Spanish military category). When the country was free again, in 1865, every town with the category of "Comandancia de Armas" became a municipality. But San Pedro de Macorís was still a very small town of the El Seibo Province.
After 1868, with the sugarcane plantations and the sugar factories, San Pedro de Macorís began to grow and it became one of the most important city in the Dominican Republic. Many people from Cuba and Puerto Rico came to live here during the last years of the 19th century and the first years of the 20th century. Later came people from the Spain and the Middle East (Lebanon, Syria) to work in businesses.
The economy of San Pedro de Macorís grew around the sugar production; there were several sugar factories and most of that sugar was sent to other countries through its port and then it became one of the most important port of the country. Rhum is also produced in the city; rhum is made with alcohol from the sugar cane.
- Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
- Schomburgk, Robert H. (1881) (in Spanish). Reseña de los Principales Puertos y Puntos de Anclaje de las Costas de la República Dominicana. Santo Domingo: Imprenta de García Hermanos. pp. 19-20.
- Alfau Durán, Vetilio (Julio-Diciembre 1978). "El Fundador de San Pedro de Macorís" (in Spanish). Clío (Santo Domingo: Academia Dominicana de la Historia) Año XLVII (135): 76-92.
|Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic|
|Azua • Baní • Barahona • Bonao • Comendador • Cotuí • Dajabón • El Seibo • Hato Mayor • Higüey • Jimaní • La Romana • La Vega • Mao • Moca • Monte Cristi • Monte Plata • Nagua • Neiba • Pedernales • Puerto Plata • Sabaneta • Salcedo • Samaná • San Cristóbal • San Francisco de Macorís • San José de Ocoa • San Juan de la Maguana • San Pedro de Macorís • Santiago de los Caballeros • Santo Domingo • Santo Domingo Este|