The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh
|The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh|
|Directed by||Wolfgang Reitherman
|Produced by||Wolfgang Reitherman|
|Story by||Larry Clemmons
|Narrated by||Sebastian Cabot|
|Music by||Richard M. Sherman
Robert B. Sherman
|Editing by||Tom Acosta
|Studio||Walt Disney Productions|
|Distributed by||Buena Vista Distribution|
|Release date(s)||March 11, 1977|
|Running time||74 minutes|
The movie is made from three previously released animated short movies based upon the Winnie-the-Pooh books by A. A. Milne: Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree (1966), Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day (1968), and Winnie the Pooh and Tigger Too (1974). This is also the last movie in the Disney canon that Walt Disney was personally involved with, because one of the shorts (Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree) was released during his lifetime, and he was involved in the production of Blustery Day. A fourth and final short movie based on the original books, Winnie the Pooh and a Day for Eeyore, was released in 1983. It is included as a bonus feature on the VHS and DVD release of the movie.
The characters from the movie became very popular. There have been sequels, television programs, clothing, books, and toys based on the characters. The movie is different from the three individual shorts by having newly created material to link the stories together. It also has an ending to close the stories. The ending is based on the final chapter of The House at Pooh Corner. It was always Walt Disney's intention to make a movie, but he decided to make shorts instead — after production had begun — to familiarize US audiences with the characters. All three shorts as well as future movies boast classic songs by the Sherman Brothers including "Winnie the Pooh" and "The Wonderful Thing About Tiggers".
The movie also inspired an attraction of the same name at Disneyland, Walt Disney World, and Hong Kong Disneyland. A much more elaborate attraction, also based on the movie, opened in Tokyo Disneyland as "Pooh's Hunny Hunt".
Plot[change | change source]
- Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree
- Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day
- Winnie the Pooh and Tigger Too
Voice cast[change | change source]
- Winnie-the-Pooh, voiced by Sterling Holloway
- Christopher Robin, voiced by Bruce Reitherman, later Jon Walmsley and Timothy Turner
- Piglet, voiced by John Fiedler
- Eeyore, voiced by Ralph Wright
- Roo, voiced by Clint Howard, later Dori Whitaker
- Kanga, voiced by Barbara Luddy
- Tigger, voiced by Paul Winchell
- Rabbit, voiced by Junius Matthews
- Owl, voiced by Hal Smith
- Gopher, voiced by Howard Morris
- Narrated by Sebastian Cabot
Production[change | change source]
For the character Piglet, hand gestures and other movements were used by the animators to make expressions, because he (and Pooh) had the look of dolls or stuffed animals with relatively simple button eyes. The scene where Rabbit deals with Pooh's being part of the "decor of his home" was not in the original book, but was reportedly made by Disney when he first read the book.
Reception[change | change source]
Movie critic Leonard Maltin called the original Pooh featurettes "gems". He also noted that the artwork resembles the book illustrations, and that the particular length of these short movies meant that the moviemakers didn't have to "compress or protract their script." The movie has a 91% "fresh" rating from critics on Rotten Tomatoes.
Ruth Hill Viguers, however, when writing in A Critical History of Children’s Literature during the 1960s, mentioned Disney’s Winnie the Pooh along with several other Disney adaptations as having “destroyed the integrity of the original books”.
Home video[change | change source]
The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh was first released on VHS, Betamax, CED videorecord, and laserdisc in the early 1980s. In 1996, it was re-released on VHS as part of the Masterpiece Collection. It included video footage of the making which was shown before the movie starts. It was released on DVD for the first time in 2002 to commemorate its 25th anniversary, with digitally restored picture and sound. The separate shorts had also been released on their own on VHS in the 1990s.
The 25th anniversary edition DVD includes, among other bonus features, "The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh: The Story Behind the Masterpiece", which documents the history of the books and their initial movie adaptations. It also features interviews with animators Ollie Johnston, Frank Thomas, and Burny Mattinson, as well as the Sherman brothers, Paul Winchell, and others. Digital Media FX reviewer Shannon Muir said that the audio and video quality of the movie on this DVD was very high.
The "Friendship Edition" DVD was re-released on June 19, 2007. All of the special features from the previous "25th Anniversary Edition" DVD were recycled; the only new addition being an episode of Playhouse Disney's computer-animated series My Friends Tigger & Pooh. The DVD re-release coincides with the 30th anniversary of the release of the movie. 
Songs[change | change source]
- "Winnie the Pooh"
- "Up, Down and Touch the Ground"
- "Rumbly in My Tumbly"
- "Little Black Rain Cloud"
- "Mind Over Matter"
- "A Rather Blustery Day"
- "The Wonderful Thing About Tiggers"
- "Heffalumps and Woozles"
- "When the Rain Rain Rain Came Down"
- "Hip Hip Pooh-Ray!"
References[change | change source]
- Thomas, Frank; Ollie Johnston (1981). Disney Animation: The Illusion of Life. Abbeville Press. pp. 448. ISBN 0-89659-232-4.
- Davidson, Bill; Kathy Merlock Jackson (2006). Walt Disney: Conversations. University Press of Mississippi. pp. 128. ISBN 1-57806-712-X.
- Maltin, Leonard (1987). Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons. New American Library. pp. 76. ISBN 0-452-25993-2.
- Viguers, Ruth Hill; Cornelia Meigs (ed.) (1969). A Critical History of Children's Literature. Macmillan Publishing co.. pp. 412. ISBN 0-02-583900-4.
- AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot
- Muir, Shannon. "DVD Review of The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh - 25th Anniversary Edition". Digital Media FX. http://www.digitalmediafx.com/reviews/winniethepooh.html. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- The Tigger Movie insert
Other websites[change | change source]
- The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh at the Big Cartoon DataBase
- The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh at the Internet Movie Database
- The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh at Rotten Tomatoes