|The Lion King|
|Based on||the story of destiny Hell's Gate, Naivasha, Kenya|
|Produced by||Don Hahn|
|Edited by||Ivan Bilancio|
|Music by||Hans Zimmer|
|Distributed by||Buena Vista Pictures|
|Box office||$1.063 billion|
The Lion King is an animated movie made by Disney in 1994. It was the most successful animated movie of the 1990s. The movie is about a young lion prince who learns about his role as prince and in the circle of life.
It is dedicated to Frank Wells. Wells was the president of The Walt Disney Company. He died shortly before the movie was released into theaters. The movie was the first full-length Disney movie with no human characters since Bambi.
Most of the voice acting was done by well-known actors. This includes Matthew Broderick, Nathan Lane, James Earl Jones, Jeremy Irons, Whoopi Goldberg, Cheech Marin, Rowan Atkinson and Jonathan Taylor Thomas.
Story[change | change source]
Many animals and birds gather to see Simba, who had just been born. Simba is the son of Mufasa and Sarabi, the King and Queen of the Pridelands (an area ruled by lions). The animals celebrate and rejoice. Scar, Mufasa's brother, is jealous because Simba will be king instead of him when Mufasa dies.
Scar lies to Simba about a called the Elephant Graveyard. Scar says that only brave lions go there. Simba and his best friend Nala find the Elephant Graveyard. They are chased by the three Hyaenas. Mufasa saves Simba and Nala and takes them both home. Mufasa talks to Simba alone. He explains to Simba that being brave is not about looking for danger.
Scar is angry with the hyenas because they did not kill Simba. It is shown that the hyenas are working for Scar. They plan to kill Simba and Mufasa so that Scar can become king and the hyenas can help him rule over the animals.
The next day, Scar takes Simba into a gorge. Scar has actually planned a wildebeest stampede. Simba is trapped in the gorge as the wildebeest run towards him. Scar tells Mufasa that Simba is in trouble. Mufasa rescues Simba but is left hanging on a cliff. Scar then throws Mufasa into the stampede and Mufasa dies. Scar blames Simba for the death of Mufasa and Simba runs away.
Scar becomes king and tells everyone that Simba and Mufasa are dead. Simba runs to a desert and collapses. He is rescued by Timon the meerkat and Pumbaa the warthog. Timon and Pumbaa live in the jungle. Timon and Pumbaa look after Simba until Simba is an adult lion.
One day a female lion comes to the jungle and tries to kill and eat Pumbaa. Simba fights the lioness. Simba finds out that the other lion is his friend Nala. They are very happy to see each other and they fall in love. Nala wants Simba to go home and fight Scar because Scar is a bad king. Simba does not want go home because he thinks that he killed Mufasa.
Rafiki comes to the jungle and takes Simba to a field. In the sky above the field, Mufasa's ghost appears and tells Simba that he must go home because Simba is the true king. After this Simba goes home. Nala, Timon and Pumbaa follow him. When they get there, they see that the land is dry and the animals have gone because the hyenas have destroyed the food chain (Scar let them).
Nala gathers all of the lions and they fight Scar's hyenas. Simba attacks Scar. Scar does not want to die and so he lies to Simba that the hyenas are to blame for everything. This angers the hyenas and they attack and eat Scar alive. Rain starts to pour and the circle of life is restored.
Adaptations[change | change source]
The movie was also made into an award-winning stage musical. The stage show first opened on November 13, 1997 in New York City. It has been a big success. A version opened later in London, England. It is one of the United Kingdom's biggest and most popular shows. Many other shows of The Lion King have been shown across the world.
This movie has a sequel called The Lion King II: Simba's Pride.
In 2019, a computer animated remake was released.
Characters[change | change source]
- Simba - Mufasa's son, Scar's nephew, Nala's eventual husband, and the future king.
- Nala - Simba's eventual wife and the future queen.
- Timon and Pumbaa - A meerkat and a warthog who adopt Simba as a cub.
- Mufasa - King at the start of the movie, Simba's father and Scar's older brother.
- Scar - Simba's arch-nemesis and uncle and Mufasa's younger brother.
- Shenzi, Banzai, and Ed - Three hyenas who are Scar's henchmen.
- Rafiki - A mandrill shaman.
- Zazu - A hornbill who serves as adviser to The Lion King.
Voices[change | change source]
|James Earl Jones||Mufasa|
|Jonathan Taylor Thomas||Young Simba|
|Niketa Calame||Young Nala|
|Jeff Bennett||Zazu (The Morning Report)|
|Jim Cummings||Scar (last part of Be Prepared)|
Evan Saucedo (The Morning Report)
|Laura Williams||Young Nala|
Frank Welker provided most of the lion roars, as well as the vocal effects for the hyenas and the wildebeests. In addition, Cathy Cavadini, Judi M. Durand, Bill Farmer, John Fiedler, Daamen J. Krall, David McCharen, Mickie McGowan, Mary Linda Phillips, Phil Proctor, David Randolph and Tara Strong provided additional voices.
International Versions[change | change source]
Danish Dubbing år: 1994[change | change source]
- Simba (Barn) – Andreas Hviid
- Simba (Voksne) – Peter Jorde
- Nala (Barn) – Amalie Ihle Alstrup
- Nala (Voksne) – Pernille Højgaard
- Mufasa – Aage Haugland
- Sarabi – Kirsten Olesen
- Scar – Stig Hoffmeyer
- Rafiki – Peter Belli
- Zazu – Peter Zhelder
- Timon – Henrik Koefoed
- Pumba – Lars Thiesgaard
- Shenzi – Lone Kellermann
- Banzai – Donald Andersen
- Ed/Ib – ?
- Sarafina – Ann Hjort
- Muldvarp – Kjeld Nørgaard
Choirs[change | change source]
- Nicoline Møller
- Lise Nees
- Trine Dansgaard
- Pia Scharling
- Johnny Jørgensen
- Brian Grønbæk Jensen
- Søren Launbjerg
Box office performance[change | change source]
When the movie was released, it was the most successful movie worldwide. It was behind Forrest Gump as most successful in the United States that year. The movie was the most successful animated feature movie of all time until Finding Nemo. As of February 2022[update], the movie has earned with over 1 billion dollars worldwide.
|Source||Gross (USD)||% Total||All Time Rank|
|Domestic||$328,541,776 ($312,855,561 initially)||41.9%||16|
|Domestic Opening Weekend||$40,888,194||13.1%||99|
|Domestic Adjusted (2007)||$508,185,200||N/A||24|
Awards and nominations[change | change source]
The Lion King received many award nominations. These include the Academy Award for Best Original Score (by Hans Zimmer) and the Golden Globe award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy. It won both. The song "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" by Elton John and Tim Rice won the Academy Award for Best Original Song, the Golden Globe for Best Original Song, the BMI Film Music Award, and the Grammy Award for Best Vocal Performance Male.
Other awards include:
- Academy Awards
- Golden Globe Awards
- Annie Awards
- Best Animated Feature (Won)
- Best Achievement for Voice Acting to Jeremy Irons for voicing Scar (Won)
- Best Individual Achievement for Story Contribution in the Field of Animation (Won)
- Best Individual Achievement for Artistic Excellence in the Field of Animation (Nominated, lost to The Nightmare Before Christmas.)
- Saturn Awards
- Best Fantasy Film (Nominated, lost to Forrest Gump.)
- Best Performance by a Younger Actor to Jonathan Taylor Thomas for voicing young Simba (Nominated, lost to Kirsten Dunst for Interview with the Vampire: The Vampire Chronicles.)
- Best DVD Classic Film Release in 2004 (Nominated, lost to The Adventures of Robin Hood.)
- British Academy Film Awards
- BMI Film & TV Awards
- BMI Film Music Award for "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" (Won)
- Most Performed Song from a Film "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" (Won)
- Grammy Award
- Best Vocal Performance Male to Elton John for "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" (Won)
- Song of the Year for "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" (Nominated, lost to "Streets of Philadelphia" from Philadelphia.)
- Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media for "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" (Nominated, lost to "Streets of Philadelphia" from Philadelphia.)
- Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media for "Circle of Life" (Nominated, lost to "Streets of Philadelphia" from Philadelphia.)
- Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television (Nominated, lost to Schindler's List.)
- MTV Movie Awards
- Kids' Choice Awards
- Favorite Movie (Won)
Sequels and spin-offs[change | change source]
The Lion King was so successful that Disney created a sequel called The Lion King II: Simba's Pride and a television series called The Lion King's Timon and Pumbaa. A second sequel, The Lion King 1½, was released on February 10, 2004. A preschool series called The Lion Guard was released on Disney Junior.
The Lion King had a special edition that was released in IMAX cinemas.
Controversies[change | change source]
"SEX"[change | change source]
In one scene of the movie, it looks as if animators had written the word "sex" into some of the frames of animation. However, they wanted to show the letters "SFX" (meaning "special effects"). In The Lion King DVD the word has been taken out.
Kimba the White Lion[change | change source]
Kimba the White Lion is an animated television program from the 1960s. It was made in Japan by Osamu Tezuka. Some characters and parts of the story in The Lion King are similar to Kimba the White Lion but Disney has said that it was not done on purpose.
"The Lion Sleeps Tonight"[change | change source]
In one scene with Timon and Pumbaa, they both sing "The Lion Sleeps Tonight". This has caused problems between Disney and the family of South African Solomon Linda, who composed the song (originally titled "Mbube") in 1939. In July 2004, the family went to court, seeking $1.6 million in royalties from Disney. In February 2006, Linda's family reached a legal settlement with Abilene Music, who held the worldwide rights and had let Disney us the song.
Hidden racism[change | change source]
Hamas' propaganda[change | change source]
In August 2007, the Hamas terrorist group made an animated propaganda movie that made fun of the style of The Lion King. The programme was shown on their television station, Al-Aqsa TV. Hamas was shown as a lion that chased and killed rats that looked like members of the secular Fatah group in Gaza. The programme was shown for a short time but was taken off the air for changes.
Songs[change | change source]
- "Circle of Life"
- "I Just Can't Wait to Be King"
- "Be Prepared"
- "Hakuna Matata"
- "Can You Feel the Love Tonight?"
- "The Bait Song" (Timon & Pumbaa's Hula)
References[change | change source]
- "The Lion King (U)". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- "The Lion King". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- Grant, John. Encyclopedia of Walt Disney's Animated Characters - Encyclopedia, 3rd edition hardcover. New York City: Hyperion Books, 1998. ISBN 0-7868-6336-6
- "All-Time Worldwide Box Office". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 17 September 2006.
- "Academy Awards, USA: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- "SEARCH - Lion King, The". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on 2012-03-03. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- "Legacy: 22nd Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (1994)". Annie Awards. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- "Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, USA: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- "BAFTA Awards: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- "BMI Film & TV Awards: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on 2007-01-20. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- "Grammy Awards: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on 2006-10-24. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- "MTV Movie Awards: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on 2008-03-24. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- "Kids' Choice Awards, USA: 1995". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on 2007-01-11. Retrieved 2007-08-05.
- Hong, Peter (2002-05-19). "The Lion King/Kimba controversy". Los Angeles Times. pp. L4. Archived from the original on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
- "Disney settles Lion song. dispute". BBC news. Retrieved 31 August 2006.[permanent dead link]
- Staff (24 February 2006). "Film Comment Selects 2006". Slant Magazine.
- Nidal al-Mughrabi (September 4, 2007). "Hamas "Lion King" cartoon re-enacts Gaza takeover". Reuters. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
- "Hamas battle cartoon mimics "Lion King"". International Herald Tribune. 2007-08-24. Retrieved 2007-12-24.