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Air France Flight 447First inauguration of Barack Obama2009 Iranian presidential election protests2009 swine flu pandemicUS Airways Flight 15492009 L'Aquila earthquakeBitcoinDeath of Michael Jackson
From left, clockwise: The vertical stabilizer of Air France Flight 447 is pulled out from the Atlantic Ocean; Barack Obama becomes the first African American to become President of the United States; Protests erupt over the 2009 Iranian presidential election; US Airways Flight 1549 crash-lands in the Hudson River with no fatalities, with the event becoming known as the "Miracle on the Hudson"; The "King of Pop" Michael Jackson died in 2009; Bitcoin is initially launched by the pseudonymous name Satoshi Nakamoto; the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake strikes central Italy; The H1N1 virus was responsible for the 2009 swine flu pandemic.
Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries: 20th century21st century22nd century
Decades: 1970s  1980s  1990s  – 2000s –  2010s  2020s  2030s
Years: 2006 2007 200820092010 2011 2012
2009 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar2009
Ab urbe condita2762
Armenian calendar1458
Assyrian calendar6759
Bahá'í calendar165–166
Balinese saka calendar1930–1931
Bengali calendar1416
Berber calendar2959
British Regnal year57 Eliz. 2 – 58 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2553
Burmese calendar1371
Byzantine calendar7517–7518
Chinese calendar戊子(Earth Rat)
4705 or 4645
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4706 or 4646
Coptic calendar1725–1726
Discordian calendar3175
Ethiopian calendar2001–2002
Hebrew calendar5769–5770
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2065–2066
 - Shaka Samvat1930–1931
 - Kali Yuga5109–5110
Holocene calendar12009
Igbo calendar1009–1010
Iranian calendar1387–1388
Islamic calendar1430–1431
Japanese calendarHeisei 21
Javanese calendar1941–1942
Juche calendar98
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4342
Minguo calendarROC 98
Nanakshahi calendar541
Thai solar calendar2552
Tibetan calendar阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
2135 or 1754 or 982
    — to —
(female Earth-Ox)
2136 or 1755 or 983
Unix time1230768000 – 1262303999

2009 (MMIX) was a common year starting on Thursday in the Gregorian calendar, the 2009th year of the Common Era or of the Anno Domini designation, the 9th year of the 3rd millennium, the 9th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2000s decade.

2009 was called the:

2009 was the Chinese Year of Earth Ox based on the 12-year Chinese Zodiac cycle.


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  • February 1 – Patriarch Kirill I of Moscow is enthroned as the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • February 1 – Johanna Sigurdardottir becomes Prime Minister of Iceland.
  • February 2 – Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has launched its own satellite, "Omid", into orbit on an Iranian-built rocket.[10]
  • February 7 – The deadliest bushfires in Australian history begin; they kill 173, injure 500 more, and leave 7,500 homeless. The fires come after Melbourne records the hottest-ever temperature (46.4 °C, 115 °F) of any capital city in Australia. The majority of the fires are started by either fallen or clashing power lines or deliberately lit.
  • February 9Victoria (Australia) hottest day, 48.8 °C at Hopetoun.[11]
  • February 10 – A Russian and an American satellite collide over Siberia, creating a large amount of space debris.[12]
  • February 17 – The JEM rebel group in Darfur, Sudan sign a pact with the Sudanese government, planning a ceasefire within the next 3 months.
  • February 25 – Members of the Bangladesh Rifles paramilitary force begin mutinying. Over 80 are killed.
  • March 2 – The President of Guinea-Bissau, João Bernardo Vieira, is assassinated during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau.[13]
  • March 3 – Gunmen attack a bus carrying Sri Lankan cricketers in Lahore, Pakistan, killing eight people and injuring several others.[14]
  • March 17 – The President of Madagascar, Marc Ravalomanana, is overthrown in a coup d'état, following a month of rallies in Antananarivo. The military appoints opposition leader Andry Rajoelina as the new president.
  • March 23 FedEx flight 80 crashes
  • April 1 – Albania and Croatia join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
  • April 5North Korea launches the Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket, prompting an emergency meeting of—but no official reaction from—the United Nations Security Council.
  • April 6 – A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L'Aquila, Italy, killing nearly 300 and injuring more than 1,500.[15]
  • May 4 – The President of Niger, Tandja Mamadou, holds peace talks with the Tuareg rebel groups in north Niger.
  • May 18 – The third C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group meets in Seoul.
  • May 18 -Following more than a quarter-century of fighting, the Sri Lankan Civil War ends with the total military defeat of the LTTE.\[16]


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  1. "News Release – IAU0606: The International Astronomical Union announces the International Year of Astronomy 2009". International Astronomical Union. October 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  2. "The International Year of Astronomy 2009". IYA2009. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  3. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 189 session 61 International Year of National Fibres, 2009 on 20 December 2006
  4. "International Year of Reconciliation 2009" (PDF). 20 November 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  5. Harel, Amos; Yoav Stern and Yanir Yagana (January 3, 2009). "Israel launches a ground operation in the Gaza Strip". Jerusalem, IL: Haaretz. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
  6. "Europeans shiver as Russia cuts gas shipments".
  7. "Warning over new US travel rules".
  8. "Somali joy as Ethiopians withdraw". News article. BBC News. 2009-01-13. p. 2. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
  9. "Biden Envisions Halt to Nord Stream 2 If Russia Invades Ukraine". www.bloomberg.com.
  10. "Iranian satellite launch prompts fresh concern". Independent.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2011-09-10. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  11. "Rainfall and Temperature Extremes". bom.gov.au. 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  12. "Technology Index". ABC News.
  13. "President of Guinea-Bissau assassinated - CNN.com". edition.cnn.com.
  14. "Gunmen shoot Sri Lanka cricketers". 3 March 2009 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  15. "BBC NEWS | Europe | Italy earthquake deaths soar - PM". 7 April 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  16. "Sri Lanka 'liberated from terror'". Express.co.uk. 19 May 2009.
  17. "Iceland to hand in formal EU membership application Earth Times". Archived from the original on 2009-07-26. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
  18. "Ousted Honduran leader departs on flight for home". Reuters. 5 July 2009 – via www.reuters.com.
  19. "RESOLUCIÓN SOBRE LA SUSPENSIÓN DEL DERECHO DE HONDURAS DE PARTICIPAR EN LA OEA" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-07-11. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
  20. "Iceland's parliament votes to join EU". Archived from the original on 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  21. "Clinton leaves North Korea with pardoned journalists". Reuters. 4 August 2009 – via www.reuters.com.
  22. "CERN Press Release". CERN. Archived from the original on 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  23. "CERN Press Release". CERN. Archived from the original on 2009-12-02. Retrieved 2009-12-06.