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Emperor Kinmei

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Emperor of Japan
ReignDecember 5, 539 – April 15, 571
DiedApril 15, 571(571-04-15) (aged 62)
Hinokuma no saki Ai no misasagi (Nara)
Kura Wayaka-Hime
Soga no Kitashihime
Soga no Oane Hime
Nukako no Iratsume
Among others...
Emperor Bidatsu
Emperor Yōmei
Emperor Sushun
Empress Suiko
FatherEmperor Keitai
MotherPrincess Tashiraka no Himemiko

Emperor Kinmei (欽明天皇, Kinmei-tennō, 509–571), also written as Kimmei, was the 29th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2] His reign started in 540 and ended in 571.[3] Historians consider details about the life of Emperor Kinmei to be possibly legendary, but probable.[4] The name Kimmu-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.

The conventionally accepted names and sequence of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.[5]

Traditional history[change | change source]

Emperor Kinmei's father was Emperor Keitai and his mother was Emperor Ninken's daughter, Princess Tashiraka (手白香皇女, Tashiraka Ōjo).[6] He was the third son; and his older brother was Emperor Senka.

Kinmei had six wives and 25 Imperial children (16 sons and 9 daughters).[6]

Events of Kinmei's life[change | change source]

  • 539: Emperor Senka died from old age in 539, and the succession was received by his younger brother, who would become known as Emperor Kinmei.[7]
  • 572: In the 32nd year of Kinmei's reign, he died; and his second son became his successor.[9]

Kinmei established his court at Shikishima no Kanazashi (磯城嶋金刺宮) in Yamato.[6]

Kinmei's reign was marked by the introduction of Buddhism in Japan. The King of Kudara in Korea sent the emperor gifts of Buddhist scripture and a statue of the Buddha.[10]

In this reign, the emperor's chief ministers were:

After his death[change | change source]

This emperor's official name after his death (his posthumous name) was regularized many centuries after the lifetime which was ascribed to Kinmei.[11]

According to the Imperial Household Agency, the emperor's final resting place is in an earthen tumulus (kofun). Kinmei is venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) which is associated with the burial mound.[1]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 欽明天皇 (29); retrieved 2011-10-18.
  2. McCullough, Helen Craig. (1966). Yoshitsune: a fifteenth-century Japanese chronicle, p. 322.
  3. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 34-36; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 261-262; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 123-124; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
  4. Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009; retrieved 2011-10-18.
  5. Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Brown, p. 262.
  7. Varley, p. 121.
  8. Varley, p. 44. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
  9. Titsingh, p. 36; Brown, pp. 261-262, Varley, p. 44.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Martin, Peter. (1997). The Chrysanthemum Throne: a history of the Emperors of Japan, p. 34.
  11. Aston, William. (1998). Nihongi, pp. 146-147.

Preceded by
Emperor Senka
Emperor of Japan

Succeeded by
Emperor Bidatsu