Victor Skumin

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Victor Andreevich Skumin
Виктор Андреевич Скумин
Victor Skumin in 1990
Born (1948-08-30)August 30, 1948
Penza Oblast, RSFSR, Soviet Union
Residence Russia
Nationality Soviet, Russian
Fields psychologist, physician
Alma mater Kharkov National Medical University
Known for Skumin syndrome

Victor Andreevich Skumin (Russian: Ви́ктор Андре́евич Ску́мин) (born 30 August 1948) is a Russian psychologist, psychiatrist, psychotherapist, medical doctor and writer.

Biography[change | change source]

Victor Skumin (he stands in the center) on a river beach at Petrozavodsk in 1959

Victor Skumin was born on 30 August 1948 in Penza Oblast, Russia.[1] His father, Andrew Skumin, was a KGB officer.[2] The family many times moved from one city to another. These cities were Penza, Chelyabinsk, Petrozavodsk.[3]

Skumin studied medicine at the Kharkov National Medical University. He graduated the University in 1973 with diploma with honours.[1]

In 1976, he became a psychotherapist in Kiev Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery. Skumin was the first to described a previously unknown disease, now it is called Skumin syndrome.[4]

From 1980 to 1990, he has been professor of psychotherapy at the Kharkov Medical Academy of Postgraduate education. During this period Skumin investigated borderline mental disorders in chronic diseases of the digestive system in children and adolescents.

From 1990 to 1994, Skumin held positions as Professor by the Chair of Psychology and Pedagogy, and Professor by the Chair of Physical Education and Health life at the Kharkov State Academy of Culture. In 1994, Skumin became President of the World Organization of Culture of Health (WOCH) — International social movement "To Health via Culture" (Russian: Междунаро́дное обще́ственное Движе́ние «К Здоро́вью че́рез Культу́ру»). In 1995, Skumin became the first editor-in-chief of the journal To Health via Culture. This journal of the World Organisation of Culture of Health (″World Health Culture Organization″) received an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) 0204-3440. The main topics of the magazine are the dissemination of ideas of Culture of Health, holistic medicine, and Buddhism.

In the Russian Orthodox Church the social activities of this international organization qualifies as an ideology of the New Age.[5]

Skumin at the grave of George de Roerich. Moscow, 2014

Skumin's doctrine of the culture of health[change | change source]

In 1968, when Skumin was still a medical student, he proposed the term ″culture of health″ (Russian: ″Культу́ра Здоро́вья″[6]), which has become widespread.[7] The main task of the culture of health is to do health programs that support a holistic approach to physical, mental and spiritual well-being.

Symbol of Theosophical Society incorporated the Swastika, Star of David, Ankh, Aum and Ouroboros symbols

The 'culture of health' means recognizing health’s central importance in life. Skumin referred to the works of Helena Blavatsky, Helena and Nicholas Roerich, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, and Alexander Chizhevsky.[8][9] In some of his publications, he argues that the culture of health will play an important role in the creation of a human spiritual society in the Solar System.[10][11]

The culture of health is the basic science about spiritual humanity. It studies the perspectives of harmonious development of "spiritual man" and "spiritual ethnos" as a conscious creator of the state of light into the territory of the Solar System" (by Skumin)

The doctrine of a culture of health, proposed by Skumin, the culture – spiritual, mental, and physical – determines the status of human health. And health – spiritual, mental, physical – is a prerequisite for achieving a higher level of culture.[12]

Skumin syndrome[change | change source]

Total Artificial Heart beside a human heart

Skumin syndrome (ru:Синдром Скумина[13]) was described by Skumin in 1978 as a "cardioprosthetic psychopathological syndrome",[14] associated with mechanical heart valve implant and manifested by irrational fear, anxiety, depression and sleep disorder. This syndrome is often accompanied by asthenia.[15][16]

Alain Carpentier – a member of the French Academy of Sciences and the head the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery at the Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou in Paris – believed in 2011 that Skumin syndrome develops in a quarter of the patients with an artificial heart valve. It is possible that a similar problem arises in the conduct of operations to implement an artificial heart.[17]

Skumin mind control method[change | change source]

In 1979, Skumin created a special modification of mind control method for psychological rehabilitation of patients.[18][19] This method is based on autogenic training. Autogenic training is a relaxation technique developed by the psychiatrist Johannes Heinrich Schultz. He emphasized parallels to techniques in yoga and meditation. It is a method for influencing one's autonomic nervous system. The technique involves the daily practice of sessions that last around 15 minutes, usually in the morning, at lunch time, and in the evening. During each session, the practitioner will repeat a set of visualisations that induce a state of relaxation. Each session can be practiced in a position chosen amongst a set of recommended postures.[20]

Victor Skumin near Mount Elbrus in 2017

The technique of the Skumin mind control method (Russian: "Психотре́нинг по Ску́мину") involves the use of two standard postures: sitting meditation and lying down meditation. This method of psychotraining includes five psychological exercises: the first is "the relaxation", the second one is "the warming", the third one is "the zero gravity", the fourth one is "the target autosuggestion", and the fifth exercise is "the psychological activation". Each session contain explanation of the theory and practice of each new exercise as it is reached. The therapeutic effect is achieved by the neutralization of traumatic emotional experiences and the progressive reorganization of the psychic structures to include previously unacceptable mental contents, too.[21][22] This method of psychotherapy has found application in medical practice, in particular in the treatment of phobias, headaches, etc.[23]

Skumin’s mixture[change | change source]

Skumin proposed mixture subsequently named after him. Skumin’s mixture (Russian: Миксту́ра Ску́мина[24]) is a medicine with a sedative effect, affecting the central nervous system.[25] It is used to treat Skumin syndrome, light forms of heart failure, anxiety and sleep disorders, and asthenia. The medicine is known to be well tolerated, with no contra-indications, except sensitivity. The formula contains Adonis vernalis, Crataegus, Valerian root, Leonurus cardiaca, Eucalyptus, Peppermint, and Rose hip.[26]

His works[change | change source]

Skumin wrote many books and articles on a variety medical and spiritual topics advocating a holistic approach to health. He is the author or co-author of a series illustrated books on the culture of health, yoga, Roerich’s philosophy, and Buddhism.[27]

He is the author of music and lyrics of several songs.[28][29] Among them:

Skumin was important in the Western transmission and revival of Theravada Buddhism.[31] Today Theravada Buddhists, who are also known as Theravadins, number over 100 million worldwide; in recent decades Theravada has begun to take root in the West[32] and in the Buddhist revival in Nepal.[33]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Professor Victor A. Skumin". Kult-zdor.ru. Retrieved November 19, 2014. 
  2. "Victor Skumin". biblmdkz.ru. Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  3. "Современная история Челябинского гарнизонного военного суда (военного трибунала)" [The modern history of the Chelyabinsk garrison military court (military tribunal)]. chgvs.chel.sudrf.ru. Archived from the original on 2 February 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  4. Skumin, V. A. (1982). Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova 82. OCLC 112979417. Archived from the original on 18 April 2016. https://www.webcitation.org/6grPIq8tu. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  5. "Victor Skumin". america.pink. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  6. "The Culture of Health". thecultureofhealth.org. Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  7. "Culture of Health". Unsystem.edu. Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  8. "PubMed : Skumin VA". Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Archived from the original on 11 October 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  9. "BIBLUS : Victor Skumin". Biblus.ru. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  10. Art works by Russian cosmism painter XX – XXI ct. Catalogue of exhibition 2013. Roerich museum. 2013. Archived from the original on 3 May 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  11. Kovaleva E. A. (2009). "Педагогический совет. Культура здоровья учащихся как фактор здоровьесберегающей среды школы. Слайд 7" [Pedagogical Council. Slide 7 of the presentation "culture of health" to the lessons of physical education on the theme the "Health"]. 900igr.net. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  12. Verhorubova, O. V.; Lobanova, N. A. (2012). "Многообразие определений феномена "культура здоровья" как показатель его многогранности в педагогическом образовании" [The diversity of definitions the phenomenon of "culture of health" as an indicator of its versatility in education]. Вестник Томского государственного педагогического университета. pp. 161–5. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  13. "Синдром Скумина" [Skumin syndrome]. kult-zdor.ru. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  14. Bobina, L. A. (2010). "Синдром Скумина как нозологическая форма". To Health via Culture 18: 22–36. ISSN 0204-3440. OCLC 70966742. Archived from the original on 18 April 2016. https://www.webcitation.org/6grCRAIOy. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  15. Andrea Ruzza (16 October 2013). "Nonpsychotic mental disorder after open heart surgery. Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals". Aan.sagepub.com. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  16. Skumin, V. A. (1982). "[Nonpsychotic mental disorders in patients with acquired heart defects before and after surgery (review)]". Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova 82. OCLC 112979417. Archived from the original on 18 April 2016. https://www.webcitation.org/6grPIq8tu. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  17. "About artificial heart". heartforyoursoul.com. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. 
  18. "Психотренинг по Скумину" [Skumin mind control method]. ru.science.wikia.com. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  19. Skumin, V. A. (1993). Искусство психотренинга и здоровье [The art of mind control for healthy lifestyle] (in Russian). Kharkov: To Health via Culture. ISBN 5-86389-002-9. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  20. Stetter F, Kupper S (March 2002). "Autogenic training: a meta-analysis of clinicaloutcome studies". Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback 27 (1): 45–98. doi:10.1023/A:1014576505223. PMID 12001885.
  21. "Психотренинг по Скумину" [Skumin mind control method]. progavrichenko.ru. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  22. Rivera, J. L. G. de (2001). "Autogenic Análisis: The tool Freud was looking for" (PDF). International J. Psychotherapy 6: 67–76. doi:10.1080/13569080124247. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. https://www.webcitation.org/6gwSYeJV5. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  23. Skumin's doctrine of the culture of health: Phobias. Part 1 at YouTube (Russian)
  24. "Микстура Скумина" [Skumin’s mixture]. oriur.ru. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  25. Sergeeva NL (2015). "Микстура Скумина [Skumin’s mixture]". To Health via Culture 24: 14–38. ISSN 0204-3440. http://biblmdkz.ru/articles/j24_3.html. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  26. "Микстура Скумина" [Skumin’s mixture]. science.wikia.com. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  27. "نموذجان-عن-تقدم-الطب-والعلاج-في-روسيا/" [Professor and philosopher Victor Skumin is a manifestation of Russian ingenuity]. rus4arabs.com. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  28. Skumin, Victor (2002). Молитвы, гимны, притчи Культуры Здоровья [Culture of Health: prayers, hymns, parables.] (in Russian). Cheboksary: To Health via Culture. ISBN 5-88167-018-3. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  29. 29.0 29.1 Skumin, Victor (2007). Гимны Культуры Здоровья [Gimns of Culture of Health] (in Russian). Cheboksary: To Health via Culture. ISBN 978-5-88167-030-6. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  30. "Hymn I. Agni". hinduonline.co. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  31. Gombrich, Richard 1996. Theravada Buddhism: a social history from ancient Benares to modern Colombo. Routledge.
  32. Bullitt, John. "What is Theravada Buddhism?". BuddhaNet. Retrieved 2010-08-15. In the last century, however, the West has begun to take notice of Theravada's unique spiritual legacy and teachings of Awakening. In recent decades, this interest has swelled, with the monastic Sangha from the various schools within Theravada establishing dozens of monasteries across Europe and North America. 
  33. Adherents.com - See the citations under 'Theravada Buddhism - World'

Other websites[change | change source]