Khatumo State

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Khatumo State of Somalia

  • Dowlad Goboleedka Khaatumo ee Soomaaliya  (Somali)
  • ولاية خاتمة  (Arabic)
  • Wilāyat Arḍ al-Khatoum aṣ-Ṣūmāliyyah
Flag of Khatumo
Flag
Location of Khatumo
CapitalLas Anod (de jure), none (de facto)
9°8′N 48°25′E / 9.133°N 48.417°E / 9.133; 48.417
Largest cityLas Anod (de jure), none (de facto)
Official languages
Demonym(s)Khatumite[1]
GovernmentAutonomous presidential democracy
• President
Ali Khalif Galaydh
• Vice President
Abdul Sulub
Autonomy 
within Somalia
• Established
2012
Population
• 2014 estimate
2,000,000
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Calling code+252 (Somalia)
Internet TLD.so

Khatumo or Khatumo state is an unrecognized state in Horn Africa. It is inside Somalia. It borders Somaliland to the west, Federal Republic of Ethiopia to the south and Puntland to the east.[2] In 1991, when Somalia's government collapsed, the government of Khatumo was called NSUM. NSUM stands for National Somali Unionist Movement. In the next decade, it used to be called Northland State. Northland State areas were the areas claimed by the Khatumo government.[3] The name Khatumo means positive agreement. This name was chosen after local Dhulbahante clan leaders all agreed on creating the state in 2012.[4]

Demographics[change | change source]

Most residents belong to the Dhulbahante tribe. Most Khatumites speak Somali. English and Arabic is also spoken and taught in schools. Khatumite media uses Standard Somali. Most Khatumites are Muslim. There are also other Harti clan members who live in the area.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Somalia". World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 14 May 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
  2. Hirad, Abdighani. "Jubaland State of Somalia: a model state to Somalia." Wardheer News (2013).
  3. Barnes, C. "Somalia: Puntland’s Punted Polls." (2013).
  4. Lewis, Alexandra. "Between Somaliland and Puntland: Marginalization, Militarization and Conflicting Political Visions." (2017): 402-404.
  5. Hoehne, Markus Virgil. "The Rupture of Territoriality and the Diminishing Relevance of Cross‐cutting Ties in Somalia after 1990." Development and Change 47.6 (2016): 1379-1411.

Other websites[change | change source]