1st century

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 1st century BC · 1st century · 2nd century
Decades: 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s
50s 60s 70s 80s 90s
Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments


AD 1, map of Eurasia with the Roman Empire (red), Parthian Empire (brown), Chinese Han dynasty (yellow) and other states/areas with smaller states (light yellow)
East Hemisphere in 50, in the middle of the 1st century
East Hemisphere in 100, at the end of the 1st century

The 1st century was the century that lasted from 1 to 100.

During this period Europe, North Africa and the Near East fell under increasing domination by the Roman Empire. It continued expanding under the emperor Claudius (43). The reforms introduced by Augustus during his long reign stabilized the empire. Later in the century the Julio-Claudian Dynasty, which had been founded by Augustus came to an end with the death of Nero in 68. There followed the famous Year of Four Emperors, a brief period of civil war and instability, which was finally brought to an end by Vespasian, 9th Roman emperor, and founder of the Flavian Dynasty.

China continued to be dominated by the Han Dynasty, despite a 14-year interruption by the Xin dynasty under Wang Mang. Han rule was restored in 23. Wang Mang's rule represents the watershed between the Western/Former Han and the Eastern/Later Han. The capital was also moved from Chang'an to Luoyang.

Regional events and politics[change | change source]

Events[change | change source]

Important people[change | change source]

Bronze statue of Augustus, Archaeological Museum, Athens.
Bust of Caligula.

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[change | change source]

Christianity[change | change source]

According to the New Testament, during the reign of Tiberius, Jesus, a Jewish religious leader from Galilee, was crucified in Jerusalem on the charge of blasphemy for claiming to be the Son of God. But "God raised him from the dead"[1] three days later, see Resurrection of Jesus. Over the next few decades his followers, following the Great Commission, including the apostle Paul, carried his message throughout the Greek-speaking regions of Asia Minor, eventually introducing it to Rome itself. Roman rulers began to persecute the new sect almost immediately (the emperor Nero accused the Christians of starting the fires that destroyed much of Rome in 64 AD), and would continue to do so for centuries, sometimes vigorously, and other times passively. Christian tradition records that all of Christ's apostles except John the Evangelist suffered martyrdom.

In the 4th century, Christianity was eventually taken up by the emperor Constantine. One of his successors Julian the Apostate renounced it for paganism and again persecuted the Church. However, by the end of the 4th century, Emperor Theodosius I proclaimed Christianity as the state religion of the Roman Empire.

Decades and years[change | change source]

Note: years before or after the 1st century are in italics.

0s BC 10 BC 9 BC 8 BC 7 BC 6 BC 5 BC 4 BC 3 BC 2 BC 1 BC
0s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10s 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20s 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30s 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
40s 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49
50s 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59
60s 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69
70s 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79
80s 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89
90s 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99
100s 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109


Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]