Pothohari dialect

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Potwari, Potowari
Native to Pakistan, India
Region Pothohar region, Azad Kashmir and Poonch (Jammu and Kashmir)
Native speakers 2.5 million including Dhundi-Kairali, Chibhali, & Punchhi, but perhaps not 1.04 million Mirpuri  (2007)e18
Language family
Language codes
ISO 639-3 phr (includes other dialects)
Dialects Of Punjabi.jpg
Punjabi–Lahnda dialects. Pothohari is center-north.

Pothohari (or Potwari or Pahari-Potwari) is a dialect of Punjabi spoken in the Potwar district in northern Punjab.

Punjabi and Urdu/Hindi are spoken in a region that has had ethnic and identity conflict, so have been exposed to the dialect versus language question.[2]

Pothohari was historically classified as dialect of Punjabi. Recently it was claimed as a language instead of being a dialect of Punjabi. However these claims are controversial.[3]:838 [4]:46

References[change | change source]

  1. "Western Panjabi". Ethnologue. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  2. Bailey, Rev. T. Grahame. 1904. Panjabi Grammar. Lahore: Punjab Government Press.
  3. Rahman, Tariq. 1997. Language and Ethnicity in Pakistan. Asian Survey, 1997 Sep., 37(9):833-839.
  4. Javaid, Umbreen. 2004. Saraiki political movement: its impact in south Punjab. Journal of Research (Humanities), 40(2): 55–65. Lahore: Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of the Punjab. (This PDF contains multiple articles from the same issue.)